Sedimentation rhythms and hydrodynamics in two engineered environments in an open coast managed realignment site

Jonathan Dale, Heidi M. Burgess, Andrew B. Cundy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Managed Realignment (MR) schemes are considered by many coastal managers and engineers to be a preferable method of coastal flood defence and compensating for habitat loss, by creating new areas of intertidal saltmarsh and mudflat habitat. Monitoring of MR sites has tended to focus on short term ecological factors, resulting in a shortage of high frequency, high resolution long term measurements of the evolution of the sediment erosion, transportation, deposition and consolidation cycle (ETDC) in newly breached sites. This is particularly true of analysis of the formation and preservation of sedimentary rhythmites and evaluations of sedimentation rates (and their variability) in newly inundated intertidal environments. This study provides an evaluation of sedimentation rhythms and hydrodynamics from two contrasting sites within the Medmerry Managed Realignment scheme, the largest open coast realignment in Europe (at the time of site inundation). Bed sediment altimeter data highlighted different sedimentation patterns at the two sites; near constant deposition of sediment occurred near the breach resulting in 15.2 cm of sediment being accreted over the one year monitoring period, whereas periodic accretion and erosion of sediment occurred inland leading to 2.7 cm of net accretion. Differences in the relationship between suspended sediment concentrations and site hydrodynamics were observed on a semi-diurnal to annual scale. This study highlights the need for further consideration of the sedimentation processes in MR schemes in order to enhance the design and construction of these sites. Advancements in the understanding of these processes will increase the success of MR schemes in terms of the evolution of the sediment regime and the ecosystem services provided, particularly as they are more widely accepted as a form of coastal flood defence and intertidal habitat creation method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-131
Number of pages12
JournalMarine Geology
Volume383
Early online date8 Dec 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

managed realignment
Sedimentation
Coastal zones
Sediments
Hydrodynamics
hydrodynamics
sedimentation
coast
sediment
Erosion
accretion
habitat creation
rhythmite
erosion
Aneroid altimeters
Suspended sediments
Monitoring
mudflat
habitat loss
monitoring

Bibliographical note

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Marine Geology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Marine Geology, [383], (2017)] DOI: 10.1016/j.margeo.2016.12.001

© 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Keywords

  • Altimeter
  • Hydrodynamics
  • Intertidal mudflat morphology
  • Managed realignment
  • Rhythmites
  • Suspended sediment concentration (SSC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Sedimentation rhythms and hydrodynamics in two engineered environments in an open coast managed realignment site. / Dale, Jonathan; Burgess, Heidi M.; Cundy, Andrew B.

In: Marine Geology, Vol. 383, 01.01.2017, p. 120-131.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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