Screening of essential oils from wild-growing plants in Tunisia for their yield and toxicity to the poultry red mite, Dermanyssus gallinae

Zeineb Ghrabi-Gammar, David R. George, Amina Daoud-Bouattour, Imtinène Ben Haj Jilani, Samia Ben Saad-Limam, Olivier A.E. Sparagano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A laboratory experiment was conducted with the poultry red mite Dermanysuss gallinae (De Geer) to assess the toxicity of a range of essential oils obtained from wild-growing plants in Tunisia to this pest. Details of the percentage essential oil yield from these plants were also recorded. For comparison, commercially sourced essential oil from Thymus vulgaris (L.) was also tested against D. gallinae after work elsewhere found this product to be acaricidal. Recently fed adult female D. gallinae were exposed to the essential oils at 0.1 mg oil/cm2 in Petri-dishes at 22 °C over a period of 24 h. Results showed that the yield of essential oil varied considerably depending upon the source plant. Whilst maximum yields of 0.5% were achieved, three of the seven wild plants selected provided yields of less than 0.1%. Similar variability was recorded with respect to the toxicity of the essential oils to D. gallinae. Three of the essential oils tested did not cause significant D. gallinae mortality (in comparison to the control). However, all other selected oils provided mortality levels statistically similar to the 90% mortality achieved with commercial T. vulgaris essential oil, with the oil from Pelargonium graveolens (L'Hér.) killing 100% of D. gallinae exposed to it. Essential oil from P. graveolens in particular may be suitable for further development as a D. gallinae acaricide alongside or in place of commercial thyme essential oil.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-443
Number of pages3
JournalIndustrial Crops and Products
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acaricide
  • Dermanyssus gallinae
  • Essential oil
  • Toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Screening of essential oils from wild-growing plants in Tunisia for their yield and toxicity to the poultry red mite, Dermanyssus gallinae'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Ghrabi-Gammar, Z., George, D. R., Daoud-Bouattour, A., Ben Haj Jilani, I., Saad-Limam, S. B., & Sparagano, O. A. E. (2009). Screening of essential oils from wild-growing plants in Tunisia for their yield and toxicity to the poultry red mite, Dermanyssus gallinae. Industrial Crops and Products, 30(3), 441-443. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2009.07.001