Science and Technology Cooperation in Cross-border Regions: A Proximity Approach with Evidence for Northern Europe

Teemu Makkonen, Allan Williams, Timo Friedel Mitze, Adi Weidenfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
35 Downloads (Pure)


Given the sheer number of cross-border regions (CBRs) within the EU, their socio- economic importance has been recognized both by policy-makers and academics. Recently, the novel concept of cross-border regional innovation system has been introduced to guide the assessment of integration processes in CBRs. A central focus of this concept is set on analysing the impact of varying types of proximity (economic, cognitive, technological, etc.) on cross- border cooperation. Previous empirical applications of the concept have, however, relied on individual case studies and varying methodologies, thus complicating and constraining comparisons between different CBRs. Here a broader view is provided by comparing 28 Northern European CBRs. The empirical analysis utilizes economic, science and technology (S&T) statistics to construct proximity indicators and measures S&T integration in the context of cross-border cooperation. The findings from descriptive statistics and exploratory count data regressions show that technological and cognitive proximity measures are significantly related to S&T cooperation activities (cross-border co-publications and co-patents). Taken together, our empirical approach underlines the feasibility of utilizing the proximity approach for comparative analyses in CBR settings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1961-1979
Number of pages19
JournalEuropean Planning Studies
Issue number10
Early online date19 Jul 2018
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in
European Planning Studies
on 19/07/2018, available online:

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