Given the sheer number of cross-border regions (CBRs) within the EU, their socio- economic importance has been recognized both by policy-makers and academics. Recently, the novel concept of cross-border regional innovation system has been introduced to guide the assessment of integration processes in CBRs. A central focus of this concept is set on analysing the impact of varying types of proximity (economic, cognitive, technological, etc.) on cross- border cooperation. Previous empirical applications of the concept have, however, relied on individual case studies and varying methodologies, thus complicating and constraining comparisons between different CBRs. Here a broader view is provided by comparing 28 Northern European CBRs. The empirical analysis utilizes economic, science and technology (S&T) statistics to construct proximity indicators and measures S&T integration in the context of cross-border cooperation. The findings from descriptive statistics and exploratory count data regressions show that technological and cognitive proximity measures are significantly related to S&T cooperation activities (cross-border co-publications and co-patents). Taken together, our empirical approach underlines the feasibility of utilizing the proximity approach for comparative analyses in CBR settings.
Bibliographical noteThis is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in
European Planning Studies
on 19/07/2018, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09654313.2018.1500528
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Makkonen, T., Williams, A., Friedel Mitze, T., & Weidenfeld, A. (2018). Science and Technology Cooperation in Cross-border Regions: A Proximity Approach with Evidence for Northern Europe. European Planning Studies, 26(10), 1961-1979. https://doi.org/10.1080/09654313.2018.1500528