Safety, Stability and Environmental Impact of FDI Attacks on Vehicular Platoons

Sean Joe Taylor, Farhan Ahmad, Hoang Nga Nguyen, Siraj Shaikh, David Evend

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceedingpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
102 Downloads (Pure)


Vehicular platooning is a promising technology for improving road safety, increasing vehicle efficiency, and reducing traffic congestion by enabling high-speed vehicles to travel in close formation with minimum inter-vehicular distance. However, a False Data Injection (FDI) attack can destabilise and break up vehicular platoons in several different ways. First, an attacker can inject false leave or split messages leading to a breakup of the vehicular platoon. Another way is by sending fake beacons or tampering information (such as speed, acceleration, distance, location etc) in a beacon. Upon receiving this false data, the platoon will destabilise as the members receives tampered information from the attacker. In this paper, we studied the impact of FDI attacks on the vehicular platoon by modifying significant information in a beacon. We carried out a simulation-based study, where a FDI attacker is modelled in Plexe simulator to attack a platoon. We considered two scenarios for an FDI attack, i.e., the attacker can be present both inside and outside of the platoon. Further, two flavours of FDI attacks are implemented, i.e., (1) Constant FDI: where, the attacker is launching FDI attack constantly throughout it's journey, and (2) Intelligent On-Off FDI: where the attacker is performing FDI for short period of time and then hides his identity by performing legitimate communication with platoon members. We studied the impact of FDI attacks on vehicular platoons from three significant aspects: environmental (CO2 emissions), safety (distance), and stability (speed). Our study showed that FDI attacks can have drastic impact on the vehicular platoons.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the IEEE/IFIP Network Operations and Management Symposium 2022
Subtitle of host publicationNetwork and Service Management in the Era of Cloudification, Softwarization and Artificial Intelligence, NOMS 2022
EditorsPal Varga, Lisandro Zambenedetti Granville, Alex Galis, Istvan Godor, Noura Limam, Prosper Chemouil, Jerome Francois, Marc-Oliver Pahl
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-6654-0601-7
Publication statusPublished - 2022
EventThe 5th International Workshop on Intelligent Transportation and Autonomous Vehicles Technologies - Budapest, Hungary
Duration: 25 Apr 202229 Apr 2022

Publication series

NameIEEE/IFIP Network Operations and Management Symposium
ISSN (Electronic)2374-9709


WorkshopThe 5th International Workshop on Intelligent Transportation and Autonomous Vehicles Technologies
Abbreviated titleITAVT 2022
Internet address

Bibliographical note

© 2022 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.


  • Platoons
  • Cyber Attacks
  • False Data Injection
  • Smart Cities
  • Communication Security

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality


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