S-acylation regulates the trafficking and stability of the unconventional Q-SNARE STX19

Khamal K Ampah, Jennifer Greaves, Amber S M Shun-Shion, Asral W B A Asnawi, Jessica A Lidster, Luke H Chamberlain, Mark O Collins, Andrew A Peden

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STX19 is an unusual Qa-SNARE as it lacks a C-terminal transmembrane domain. However, it is efficiently targeted to post-Golgi membranes. We have set out to determine the intracellular localisation of endogenous STX19 and elucidate the mechanism by which it is targeted to membranes. We have found that a pool of STX19 is localised to tubular recycling endosomes where it co-localises with MICAL-L1 and Rab8. Using a combination of genetic, biochemical and cell based approaches we have identified that STX19 is S-acylated at its C-terminus and is a substrate for several Golgi localised S-acyltransferases, suggesting that STX19 is initially S-acylated at the Golgi before trafficking to the plasma membrane and endosomes. Surprisingly, we have found that S-acylation is a key determinant in targeting STX19 to tubular recycling endosomes, suggesting that S-acylation may play a general role in directing proteins to this compartment. In addition, S-acylation also protects STX19 from proteosomal degradation indicating that S-acylation regulates the function of STX19 at multiple levels.

Original languageEnglish
Article number jcs212498
Number of pages48
JournalJournal of Cell Science
Issue number20
Early online date25 Sept 2018
Publication statusPublished - 22 Oct 2018

Bibliographical note

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided that the original work is properly attributed.


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