Rhododendron ponticum in Britain and Ireland: Social, economic and ecological factors in its successful invasion

Katharina Dehnen-Schmutz, Mark Williamson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rhododendron ponticum is the most expensive alien plant conservation problem in Britain and Ireland. It was introduced in the eighteenth century, probably in 1763 from Spain, and was then described as a not fully hardy plant. It was expensive to buy. It was made hardier by artificial and natural selection and by hybridisation with Appalachian and other Rhododendron species. It is easy to propagate and became cheap and popular in the mid and late nineteenth century as an ornamental, for game cover and as a root stock for other ornamental rhododendrons. The lowest price was in about 1880 by which time it had escaped widely. The escapes were ignored by botanical recorders for over 50 years. It was scarcely recognised as a problem until between the two world wars. Major control projects date from the second half of the twentieth century.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-350
Number of pages26
JournalEnvironment and History
Volume12
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

invasion
economic factors
social economics
social factors
Ireland
environmental factors
rootstock
eighteenth century
natural selection
economics
nineteenth century
World War
twentieth century
Spain
conservation
ecological factor
Recorder
Second World War
Conservation
Invasion

Keywords

  • Biological invasions
  • Britain and Ireland
  • History
  • Plant prices
  • Rhododendron ponticum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • History
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Rhododendron ponticum in Britain and Ireland : Social, economic and ecological factors in its successful invasion. / Dehnen-Schmutz, Katharina; Williamson, Mark.

In: Environment and History, Vol. 12, No. 3, 08.2006, p. 325-350.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2d82b1f2db40423dbdee7ac4c560a390,
title = "Rhododendron ponticum in Britain and Ireland: Social, economic and ecological factors in its successful invasion",
abstract = "Rhododendron ponticum is the most expensive alien plant conservation problem in Britain and Ireland. It was introduced in the eighteenth century, probably in 1763 from Spain, and was then described as a not fully hardy plant. It was expensive to buy. It was made hardier by artificial and natural selection and by hybridisation with Appalachian and other Rhododendron species. It is easy to propagate and became cheap and popular in the mid and late nineteenth century as an ornamental, for game cover and as a root stock for other ornamental rhododendrons. The lowest price was in about 1880 by which time it had escaped widely. The escapes were ignored by botanical recorders for over 50 years. It was scarcely recognised as a problem until between the two world wars. Major control projects date from the second half of the twentieth century.",
keywords = "Biological invasions, Britain and Ireland, History, Plant prices, Rhododendron ponticum",
author = "Katharina Dehnen-Schmutz and Mark Williamson",
year = "2006",
month = "8",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "325--350",
journal = "Environment and History",
issn = "0967-3407",
publisher = "White Horse Press",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Rhododendron ponticum in Britain and Ireland

T2 - Social, economic and ecological factors in its successful invasion

AU - Dehnen-Schmutz, Katharina

AU - Williamson, Mark

PY - 2006/8

Y1 - 2006/8

N2 - Rhododendron ponticum is the most expensive alien plant conservation problem in Britain and Ireland. It was introduced in the eighteenth century, probably in 1763 from Spain, and was then described as a not fully hardy plant. It was expensive to buy. It was made hardier by artificial and natural selection and by hybridisation with Appalachian and other Rhododendron species. It is easy to propagate and became cheap and popular in the mid and late nineteenth century as an ornamental, for game cover and as a root stock for other ornamental rhododendrons. The lowest price was in about 1880 by which time it had escaped widely. The escapes were ignored by botanical recorders for over 50 years. It was scarcely recognised as a problem until between the two world wars. Major control projects date from the second half of the twentieth century.

AB - Rhododendron ponticum is the most expensive alien plant conservation problem in Britain and Ireland. It was introduced in the eighteenth century, probably in 1763 from Spain, and was then described as a not fully hardy plant. It was expensive to buy. It was made hardier by artificial and natural selection and by hybridisation with Appalachian and other Rhododendron species. It is easy to propagate and became cheap and popular in the mid and late nineteenth century as an ornamental, for game cover and as a root stock for other ornamental rhododendrons. The lowest price was in about 1880 by which time it had escaped widely. The escapes were ignored by botanical recorders for over 50 years. It was scarcely recognised as a problem until between the two world wars. Major control projects date from the second half of the twentieth century.

KW - Biological invasions

KW - Britain and Ireland

KW - History

KW - Plant prices

KW - Rhododendron ponticum

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33748494917&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 325

EP - 350

JO - Environment and History

JF - Environment and History

SN - 0967-3407

IS - 3

ER -