Rhetoric from Brussels and reality on the ground: the EU and security in Africa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


This article overviews the development of African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) to date and examines EU involvement in this. The European Union is the major financial partner in both military and non-military assistance to the African Union (AU). Europe has shifted from being a major UN troop contributor towards the funding of African-led peace operations, as well as the emergence of time-limited, high-impact, missions. With the exception of Somalia, these ESDP operations have provided little direct security benefit to Europe and their success has been limited. They have provided experimentation opportunities of ESDP capabilities in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Chad and Guinea Bissau. Events in the eastern Congo in late 2008 demonstrate that the EU needs to consider carefully when it intervenes militarily in Africa: non-intervention and coordinated bilateral diplomatic efforts by EU member states can be more effective.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1091-1108
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Affairs
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 27 Sept 2010


Dive into the research topics of 'Rhetoric from Brussels and reality on the ground: the EU and security in Africa'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this