Rheological, tribological and sensory attributes of texture-modified foods for dysphagia patients and the elderly: A review

Claire Darizu Munialo, Vassilis Kontogiorgos, Stephen R. Euston, Isabella Nyambayo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


Texture-modified foods (TMFs) and thickened fluids have been used as a therapeutic strategy in the management of food intake in the elderly and people with dysphagia. Despite recent advances in describing rheological features of TMFs for dysphagia management, there is still paucity of research regarding the sensory attributes, therapeutic thickness levels and swallowing safety of these foods. Additionally, the relationship between mechanical and structural properties of TMFs throughout the oral processing is not yet fully understood. The present review discusses several properties of food boluses that are important during oral processing to allow for safe swallowing. Dynamic changes that occur during oral processing of TMFs will be reviewed. The use of hydrocolloids to improve the cohesiveness of TMFs and how this impacts the sensory properties of TMFs will be also discussed. Additionally, this review will suggest potential new research directions to improve textural and sensory properties of TMFs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1862-1871
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Food Science and Technology
Issue number5
Early online date13 Dec 2019
Publication statusPublished - May 2020



  • Dysphagia
  • oral processing
  • rheology
  • sensory and flavour perception
  • texture-modified foods
  • tribology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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