Revisiting the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis in a tourism development context

Glauco De Vita, S. Katircioglu, L. Altinay, S. Fethi, M. Mercan

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186 Citations (Scopus)
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This study investigates empirically an extended version of the Environmental Kuznets Curve model that controls for tourism development. We find that international tourist arrivals into Turkey alongside income, squared income and energy consumption, cointegrate with CO2 emissions. Tourist arrivals, growth, and energy consumption exert a positive and significant impact on CO2 emissions in the long-run. Our results provide empirical support to EKC hypothesis showing that at exponential levels of growth, CO2 emissions decline. The findings suggest that despite the environmental degradation stemming from tourism development, policies aimed at environmental protection should not be pursued at the expense of tourism-led growth.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16652-16663
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Issue number21
Early online date18 Jun 2015
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

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  • Tourism development
  • CO2 emissions
  • Environmental Kuznets curve
  • Turkey


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