This study investigates empirically an extended version of the Environmental Kuznets Curve model that controls for tourism development. We find that international tourist arrivals into Turkey alongside income, squared income and energy consumption, cointegrate with CO2 emissions. Tourist arrivals, growth, and energy consumption exert a positive and significant impact on CO2 emissions in the long-run. Our results provide empirical support to EKC hypothesis showing that at exponential levels of growth, CO2 emissions decline. The findings suggest that despite the environmental degradation stemming from tourism development, policies aimed at environmental protection should not be pursued at the expense of tourism-led growth.
|Journal||Environmental Science and Pollution Research|
|Early online date||18 Jun 2015|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2015|
Bibliographical noteDue to the publisher's policy, the full text of this item is not available from the repository until 18 June 2016.
The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-015-4861-4 .
- Tourism development
- CO2 emissions
- Environmental Kuznets curve
FingerprintDive into the research topics of 'Revisiting the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis in a tourism development context'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
Glauco De Vita
- Research Centre for Business in Society - Professor in Business and Management
Person: Teaching and Research