The movement for open access publishing (OA) is often said to have its roots inthe scientific disciplines, having been popularized by scientific publishers and for-malized through a range of top-down policy interventions. But there is an often-neglected prehistory of OA that can be found in the early DIY publishers of the late1980s and early 1990s. Managed entirely by working academics, these journalspublished research in the humanities and social sciences and stand out for theirunique set of motivations and practices. This article explores this separate lineagein the history of the OA movement through a critical-theoretical analysis of themotivations and practices of the early scholar-led publishers. Alongside showingthe involvement of the humanities and social sciences in the formation of OA, theanalysis reveals the importance that these journals placed on experimental prac-tices, critique of commercial publishing, and the desire to reach new audiences.Understood in today's context, this research is significant for adding complexity tothe history of OA, which policymakers, advocates, and publishing scholars shouldkeep in mind as OA goes mainstream.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology|
|Early online date||8 Oct 2019|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|