Resumption of intercourse after childbirth in southwest Nigeria

Abiodun I. Adanikin, Jacob O. Awoleke, Adewale Adeyiolu, Omolola Alao, Pipeloluwa O. Adanikin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Objective To determine the history of resumption of intercourse after childbirth and associated contraceptive practices among women in the southwest region of Nigeria. Methods A cohort of 181 women with live births was followed up for 6 months after delivery. Enquiry about the time of first intercourse after childbirth, associated dyspareunia, use of contraception, etc was made during the postnatal clinic visits and/or by telephone contact. Results Fifty (27.6%) had coitus within six weeks of childbirth, it increased to 115 (63.3%) at three months and 127 (70.2%) by six months post-delivery. Prevalence of dyspareunia was 36.2%. Eighty three (65.4%) of sexually active women practiced contraception which was predominantly use of male condom and withdrawal method. Co-habitation with husband (adjusted OR: 6.30; 95% CI: 2.56-17.01; p = 0.001) and mode of delivery (adjusted OR: 2.45; 95% CI: 1.30-4.73; p = 0.006) were strong predictors of commencement of sexual intercourse within six months postpartum. Significantly fewer women who had Caesarean section resumed coitus within six months when compared with those who had vaginal deliveries (59.2% versus 78.4%). Perineal injury did not predict resumption of coitus or experience of dyspareunia. Conclusion In contrast to the norm, more women in southwest Nigeria are resuming coitus soon after childbirth. It is imperative to scale up counselling on postpartum sexuality and contraception within the maternal health services in this region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-248
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care
Issue number4
Early online date5 Nov 2014
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 The European Society of Contraception and Reproductive Health.


  • Childbirth
  • Contraception
  • Intercourse
  • Postpartum
  • Southwest Nigeria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Pharmacology (medical)


Dive into the research topics of 'Resumption of intercourse after childbirth in southwest Nigeria'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this