Response of Foodborne Pathogens to Acid Stress

Yizhi Xu, Daniel Amund, Ricardo A. Wu, Tian Ding

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Acids have been widely used in food processing to enhance flavour, prevent the deterioration of food and eliminate or retard the growth of foodborne pathogens. The inhibition of foodborne pathogens can be due to disruption of outer structure of the microbial cell, inhibition of metabolic processes, or damage to the macro-cellular components such as nucleic acids and enzymes. However, some foodborne pathogens might survive, adapt, and develop tolerance to acid stress via a wide range of molecular mechanisms. Various intrinsic and extrinsic factors can affect the development of acid tolerance responses. In this chapter, we reviewed the acids commonly used in the food industry. We also discussed different modes of action of acids, the tolerance response induced in foodborne pathogens after being exposed to acid, and the various factors affecting the development of acid tolerance response.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationStress Responses of Foodborne Pathogens
EditorsTian Ding, Xinyu Liao, Jinsong Feng
PublisherSpringer Nature Switzerland AG
Number of pages30
ISBN (Electronic)9783030905781
ISBN (Print)9783030905774
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2022.


  • Acid
  • Acid tolerance response (atr)
  • Foodborne pathogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)


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