Residual stress redistribution during elastic shake down in welded plates

Jazeel R. Chukkan, Guiyi Wu, Michael E. Fitzpatrick, Elvin Eren, Xiang Zhang, Joe Kelleher

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
60 Downloads (Pure)


Residual stresses are a consequence of welding in various structures such as ships and offshore structures. Residual stresses can be relaxed or redistributed according to the load levels during operation. The elastic shakedown phenomenon can be considered as one of the reasons for this change. This paper studies the relaxation/redistribution of weld residual stress during different levels of shakedown in a butt-welded plate chosen according to ship design and welding procedures. Welding was performed on DH36, a ship structural steel. Neutron diffraction was used to measure residual stresses in these plates in the as-welded state and after different levels of shakedown. A mixed hardening model in line with the Chaboche model is determined for both weld and base material. A numerical model is developed to estimate the shakedown limit on butt-welded plate. Further, the redistribution of residual stress in a numerical weld model according to the different levels of shakedown limit is studied. Based on the shakedown limit of the butt-welded plate, a shakedown region is determined, where the structure will undergo elastic shakedown in the presence of an existing residual stress field if the maximum stress on the load section after a few initial cycles is in the shakedown region.

Original languageEnglish
Article number21004
Number of pages6
JournalMATEC Web of Conferences
Publication statusPublished - 25 May 2018
Event12th International Fatigue Congress - Poitiers Futuroscope, France
Duration: 27 May 20181 Jun 2018
Conference number: 12th

Bibliographical note

© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)


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