Residual stress characterization of single and triple-pass autogenously welded stainless steel pipes

R.D. Haigh, M.T. Hutchings, Michael E. Fitzpatrick, J.A. James, S. Okido, R. Mizuno, K. Ogawa, D.J. Hughes

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Using neutron diffraction the components of the residual stress field have been determined in the region near a mid-length groove in two identical austenitic stainless pipes in which weld beads had been laid down. One pipe sample had a single pass, and the second a triple pass, autogenous weld deposited around the groove circumference. The results show the effect on the stress field of the additional weld deposited and are compared to the results of Finite Element Modelling. The hoop stress component is found to be generally tensile, and greater in the triple pass weldment than in the single pass weldment. The hoop stresses reach peak values of around 400 MPa in tension. X-ray measurements of the residual stress components on the near inner surface of the pipe weldments are also presented, and show tensile stresses in both pipes, with a higher magnitude in the three-pass weldment.

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, [144#, (2016)] DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpvp.2016.05.003

© 2016, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1–10
JournalInternational Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping
Early online date24 May 2016
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016


  • Autogenous welds
  • Residual stress
  • Neutron diffraction


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