Reporting Research

I. Simera, D.G. Altman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter provides a brief overview of general principles of reporting medical research studies with a particular focus on the following study designs: randomised controlled trials, analytical observational studies, and systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Health-related research can be divided into two broad groups: experimental and observational. A typical example of experimental research design is a randomised controlled trial (RCT). Reporting guidelines provide structured advice on the minimum information to be included in an article reporting a particular type of medical research. There are three main types of observational design: cohort studies, case-control studies and cross-sectional surveys. A minimum set of recommendations for reporting these studies is specified in the STROBE Statement. Similar to the CONSORT Statement. The Enhancing the Quality and Transparency of Health Research (EQUATOR) Network is an international initiative that aims to improve the reliability and value of the medical research literature by promoting transparent and accurate reporting of research studies.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResearch Methods for Postgraduates: Third Edition
EditorsTony Greenfield, Sue Greener
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781118763025
ISBN (Print)9781118341469
Publication statusPublished - 8 Sept 2016
Externally publishedYes


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