Removal of arsenic, nitrate, persistent organic pollutants and pathogenic microbes from water using redox-reactive minerals

Anna A. Bogush, Jong Kyu Kim, Luiza C. Campos

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Water pollution is a major global problem at present, involving inorganic and organic contaminants such as heavy metals, pesticides and pharmaceutical compounds, as well as pathogens. Therefore, the development of water-management strategies and appropriate water-treatment technologies has been the subject of intense research for decades. This chapter reviews the potential use of redox-reactive minerals as reactive media in environmental cleanup technologies especially in the removal of arsenic, nitrate, persistent organic pollutants and pathogenic microbes. The properties and applications of five classes of redox-reactive materials are summarized: zero-valent metals, mixed-valence iron oxyhydroxides, Fe-bearing clays, mixed-valence manganese oxides and titanium and zinc oxides. Examples and case studies that demonstrate the significant role of these reactive materials in water-treatment processes are also provided.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMINERALOGICAL SOCIETY VOLUME 17
EditorsI.A.M Ahmed, K.A. Hudson-Edwards
PublisherMineralogical Society
Chapter14
Pages405-442
Number of pages38
Volume17
ISBN (Print)9780903056571
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameEuropean Mineralogical Union Notes in Mineralogy
ISSN (Print)1417-2917

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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  • Cite this

    Bogush, A. A., Kim, J. K., & Campos, L. C. (2017). Removal of arsenic, nitrate, persistent organic pollutants and pathogenic microbes from water using redox-reactive minerals. In I. A. M. Ahmed, & K. A. Hudson-Edwards (Eds.), MINERALOGICAL SOCIETY VOLUME 17 (Vol. 17, pp. 405-442). (European Mineralogical Union Notes in Mineralogy). Mineralogical Society. https://doi.org/10.1180/EMU-notes.17.12