It is commonly claimed that science and religion are logically and psychologically at odds with one another. However, previous studies have mainly examined American samples; therefore, generalizations about antagonism between religion and science may be unwarranted. We examined the correlation between religiosity and attitudes toward science across 11 studies including representative data from 60 countries (N = 66,438), nine convenience samples from the United States (N = 2,160), and a cross-national panel sample from five understudied countries (N = 1,048). Results show that, within the United States, religiosity is consistently associated with lower interest in science topics and activities and less positive explicit and implicit attitudes toward science. However, this relationship is inconsistent around the world, with positive, negative, and null correlations being observed in various countries. Our findings are inconsistent with the idea that science and religion are necessarily at odds, undermining common theories of scientific advancement undermining religion.
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FunderThe author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: Studies 1-6 were supported by faculty funds from Miron Zuckerman, and funds for Study 7 were awarded to Jonathan Jong
- cross cultural
- science attitudes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Psychology
- Clinical Psychology