Religiosity differently influences moral attitude for robots in the US and Japan

Shogo Ikari, Kosuke Sato, Emily Burdett, Hiroshi Ishiguro, Jonathan Jong, Yo Nakawake

Research output: Working paper/PreprintPreprintpeer-review


Researchers have speculated that religious traditions influence an individual's moral attitude and care toward robots. They propose that differences in moral care could be explained by values motivated by religion, anthropocentrism and animism. Here, we empirically examined how moral care for robots is influenced by religious belief and attendance with US and Japanese samples, cultures that are Abrahamic and Shinto-Buddhist traditions respectively (N = 3781). Moral care was higher in Japan and participants with higher religious beliefs had less moral care for robots only in the US. Further, participants who scored low on anthropocentrism and high on animism were more likely to attribute moral care for robots. Anthropocentrism in the US and Animism in Japan had a larger effect compared to the other country. The finding demonstrates how religion could influence moral attitudes for robots, and might suggest the realm of moral consideration could be shaped by cultural traditions.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages73
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2022


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