The current design of wind turbine (WT) towers is generally based on the partial safety factor (PSF) method, which treats uncertain variables deterministically and applies PSFs to account for uncertainties. This simplification in the design process leads to either over-engineered or under-engineered designs most of the time. In this study, a reliability-based design optimisation (RBDO) framework for WT towers is developed, accurately taking account of uncertainties in wind loads and material properties. A parametric finite element analysis (FEA) model for WT towers is developed, taking account of stochastic variables. After validation, it is then combined with response surface method and first order reliability method to develop a reliability assessment model. Five limit states are considered, i.e. ultimate, fatigue, buckling, modal frequency and tower top rotation. The reliability assessment model is further integrated with a genetic algorithm (GA) to develop a RBDO framework. The RBDO framework has been applied to a typical 2.0 MW onshore WT tower currently installed in a representative location in Middle East. The results demonstrate that the proposed RBDO framework can effectively and accurately achieve an optimal design of WT towers to meet target reliability.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd
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- Finite element analysis
- Genetic algorithm
- Reliability-based design optimisation
- Response surface method
- Wind turbine
- Wind turbine tower
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment