Relationships between parenting style, feeding style and feeding practices and fruit and vegetable consumption in early childhood

Jacqueline Blissett

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    165 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Despite substantial evidence suggesting that a diet high in fruit and vegetables (FV) is associated with reduced risk of cancer, only 21% of children in the UK consume the recommended 5 portions of fruit or vegetables a day. This review examines the role of parenting style, feeding style and feeding practices in FV consumption in early childhood. Whilst inconsistencies in concepts and terminology cloud this literature, overall the evidence suggests that the context of an authoritative parenting and feeding style is associated with better FV consumption in the childhood years. This context is typified by emotional warmth but high expectations for children's dietary adequacy and behaviour, accompanied by specific feeding practices such as modeling consumption of FV, making FV available within the home, covertly restricting unhealthy alternative snack foods, and encouraging children to try FV. Further longitudinal and intervention studies are required to determine the efficacy of modification of parenting style and feeding practice on children's FV intake.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)826-831
    Number of pages6
    JournalAppetite
    Volume57
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

    Keywords

    • Childhood
    • Feeding practice
    • Fruit
    • Infancy
    • Parenting style
    • Pressure to eat
    • Restriction
    • Vegetable

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nutrition and Dietetics
    • Psychology(all)

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