Relationship of soil moisture characteristic curve and mechanical properties in Entisols and Inceptisols of Iran

Eisa Ebrahimi, Hossein Bayat, Mahboobeh Fallah

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)
    78 Downloads (Pure)


    The objective of this research was to investigate the relationship between soil moisture characteristic curve (SMCC) and confined compression curve (CCC), and the ability to estimate the SMCC from the CCC. Five provinces of Iran have been chosen as sampling sites and soil samples (150) were collected from these areas, and some properties of the soil samples were determined. The Gardner model has been fitted to the measured SMCC and CCC. The Gardner model's stress-void ratio coefficients, as well as the CCC properties, were used to estimate the soil moisture at five levels (five classes of variables) through the Gardner model using artificial neural networks (ANNs). A more accurate estimation of the water content was obtained by combining the basic soil properties, and three key properties of soil compression. In addition, the integral root mean square error (IRMSE) in the training and testing steps was reduced from 0.107 and 0.111 to 0.095 and 0.096, respectively. In conclusion, the use of CCC data to estimate the SMCC at all levels of the input variables indicated very favorable results with an increase in the accuracy of the water content estimation between 4% and 16% in both training and testing steps.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere00434
    Number of pages13
    JournalGeoderma Regional
    Early online date19 Aug 2021
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

    Bibliographical note

    NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Geoderma Regional. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Geoderma Regional, 27, (2021)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.geodrs.2021.e00434

    © 2021, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International


    Funding Information:
    This work was funded by Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.


    • Entisols
    • Inceptisols
    • Pedotransfer function
    • Soil hydraulic properties
    • Soil water management
    • Soil water retention

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Soil Science


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