Reform within the System: Governance in Iraq and Lebanon

Dylan O'Driscoll, Amal Bourhrous, Shivan Fazil, Meray Maddah

Research output: Book/ReportOther reportpeer-review


The 2019 protests in Iraq and Lebanon revealed a widespread dissatisfaction with political systems based on sectarian and ethnosectarian power-sharing, which many saw as being responsible for a host of governance failures. This has given rise to demands for a wholesale change of the political systems in both countries. However, the dismantlement of identity-based power-sharing systems is a remote prospect—they are deeply entrenched, and change would depend on action from the very political elites that benefit from them.

Instead, this SIPRI Policy Paper explores what can be done in the short term to address some of the key challenges confronting Iraq and Lebanon. In contexts where the political elites’ grip on the political system remains tight, every possible opportunity for reform must be grasped.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationStockholm
PublisherStockholm International Peace Research Institute
Number of pages61
ISBN (Print)9789185114993
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


  • Governance, Leadership and Trust
  • Peace and Conflict


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