Reading and lexicalization in opaque and transparent orthographies: Word naming and word learning in English and Spanish

Rosa Kit Wan Kwok, Fernando Cuetos, Rrezarta Avdyli, Andrew W. Ellis

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    11 Citations (Scopus)
    23 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Do skilled readers of opaque and transparent orthographies make differential use of lexical and sublexical processes when converting words from print to sound? Two experiments are reported, which address that question, using effects of letter length on naming latencies as an index of the involvement of sublexical letter–sound conversion. Adult native speakers of English (Experiment 1) and Spanish (Experiment 2) read aloud four- and seven-letter high-frequency words, low-frequency words, and nonwords in their native language. The stimuli were interleaved and presented 10 times in a first testing session and 10 more times in a second session 28 days later. Effects of lexicality were observed in both languages, indicating the deployment of lexical representations in word naming. Naming latencies to both words and nonwords reduced across repetitions on Day 1, with those savings being retained to Day 28. Length effects were, however, greater for Spanish than English word naming. Reaction times to long and short nonwords converged with repeated presentations in both languages, but less in Spanish than in English. The results support the hypothesis that reading in opaque orthographies favours the rapid creation and use of lexical representations, while reading in transparent orthographies makes more use of a combination of lexical and sublexical processing.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2105-2129
    Number of pages25
    JournalQuarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
    Volume70
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 12 Aug 2016

    Fingerprint

    Reading
    Language
    Learning
    Population Groups
    Reaction Time

    Keywords

    • English
    • Grain size theory
    • Orthography
    • Reading
    • Spanish
    • Transparency
    • Word learning
    • Word length
    • Word naming

    Cite this

    Reading and lexicalization in opaque and transparent orthographies : Word naming and word learning in English and Spanish. / Kwok, Rosa Kit Wan; Cuetos, Fernando; Avdyli, Rrezarta; Ellis, Andrew W.

    In: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, Vol. 70, No. 10, 12.08.2016, p. 2105-2129.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Kwok, Rosa Kit Wan ; Cuetos, Fernando ; Avdyli, Rrezarta ; Ellis, Andrew W. / Reading and lexicalization in opaque and transparent orthographies : Word naming and word learning in English and Spanish. In: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 2016 ; Vol. 70, No. 10. pp. 2105-2129.
    @article{c8e80f35de8c473b89ec471bc65d55b0,
    title = "Reading and lexicalization in opaque and transparent orthographies: Word naming and word learning in English and Spanish",
    abstract = "Do skilled readers of opaque and transparent orthographies make differential use of lexical and sublexical processes when converting words from print to sound? Two experiments are reported, which address that question, using effects of letter length on naming latencies as an index of the involvement of sublexical letter–sound conversion. Adult native speakers of English (Experiment 1) and Spanish (Experiment 2) read aloud four- and seven-letter high-frequency words, low-frequency words, and nonwords in their native language. The stimuli were interleaved and presented 10 times in a first testing session and 10 more times in a second session 28 days later. Effects of lexicality were observed in both languages, indicating the deployment of lexical representations in word naming. Naming latencies to both words and nonwords reduced across repetitions on Day 1, with those savings being retained to Day 28. Length effects were, however, greater for Spanish than English word naming. Reaction times to long and short nonwords converged with repeated presentations in both languages, but less in Spanish than in English. The results support the hypothesis that reading in opaque orthographies favours the rapid creation and use of lexical representations, while reading in transparent orthographies makes more use of a combination of lexical and sublexical processing.",
    keywords = "English, Grain size theory, Orthography, Reading, Spanish, Transparency, Word learning, Word length, Word naming",
    author = "Kwok, {Rosa Kit Wan} and Fernando Cuetos and Rrezarta Avdyli and Ellis, {Andrew W.}",
    year = "2016",
    month = "8",
    day = "12",
    doi = "10.1080/17470218.2016.1223705",
    language = "English",
    volume = "70",
    pages = "2105--2129",
    journal = "Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology",
    issn = "1747-0218",
    publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
    number = "10",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Reading and lexicalization in opaque and transparent orthographies

    T2 - Word naming and word learning in English and Spanish

    AU - Kwok, Rosa Kit Wan

    AU - Cuetos, Fernando

    AU - Avdyli, Rrezarta

    AU - Ellis, Andrew W.

    PY - 2016/8/12

    Y1 - 2016/8/12

    N2 - Do skilled readers of opaque and transparent orthographies make differential use of lexical and sublexical processes when converting words from print to sound? Two experiments are reported, which address that question, using effects of letter length on naming latencies as an index of the involvement of sublexical letter–sound conversion. Adult native speakers of English (Experiment 1) and Spanish (Experiment 2) read aloud four- and seven-letter high-frequency words, low-frequency words, and nonwords in their native language. The stimuli were interleaved and presented 10 times in a first testing session and 10 more times in a second session 28 days later. Effects of lexicality were observed in both languages, indicating the deployment of lexical representations in word naming. Naming latencies to both words and nonwords reduced across repetitions on Day 1, with those savings being retained to Day 28. Length effects were, however, greater for Spanish than English word naming. Reaction times to long and short nonwords converged with repeated presentations in both languages, but less in Spanish than in English. The results support the hypothesis that reading in opaque orthographies favours the rapid creation and use of lexical representations, while reading in transparent orthographies makes more use of a combination of lexical and sublexical processing.

    AB - Do skilled readers of opaque and transparent orthographies make differential use of lexical and sublexical processes when converting words from print to sound? Two experiments are reported, which address that question, using effects of letter length on naming latencies as an index of the involvement of sublexical letter–sound conversion. Adult native speakers of English (Experiment 1) and Spanish (Experiment 2) read aloud four- and seven-letter high-frequency words, low-frequency words, and nonwords in their native language. The stimuli were interleaved and presented 10 times in a first testing session and 10 more times in a second session 28 days later. Effects of lexicality were observed in both languages, indicating the deployment of lexical representations in word naming. Naming latencies to both words and nonwords reduced across repetitions on Day 1, with those savings being retained to Day 28. Length effects were, however, greater for Spanish than English word naming. Reaction times to long and short nonwords converged with repeated presentations in both languages, but less in Spanish than in English. The results support the hypothesis that reading in opaque orthographies favours the rapid creation and use of lexical representations, while reading in transparent orthographies makes more use of a combination of lexical and sublexical processing.

    KW - English

    KW - Grain size theory

    KW - Orthography

    KW - Reading

    KW - Spanish

    KW - Transparency

    KW - Word learning

    KW - Word length

    KW - Word naming

    U2 - 10.1080/17470218.2016.1223705

    DO - 10.1080/17470218.2016.1223705

    M3 - Article

    VL - 70

    SP - 2105

    EP - 2129

    JO - Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology

    JF - Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology

    SN - 1747-0218

    IS - 10

    ER -