### Abstract

In strongly stratified fluids, an axisymmetric vertical columnar vortex is unstable because of a spontaneous radiation of internal waves. The growth rate of this radiative instability is strongly reduced in the presence of a cyclonic background rotation f/2 and is smaller than the growth rate of the centrifugal instability for anticyclonic rotation, so it is generally expected to affect vortices in geophysical flows only if the Rossby number Ro = 2Ω/f is large (where Ω is the angular velocity of the vortex). However, we show here that an anticyclonic Rankine vortex with low Rossby number in the range-1 ≪ Ro < 0, which is centrifugally stable, is unstable to the radiative instability when the azimuthal wavenumber |m| is larger than 2. Its growth rate for Ro =-1 is comparable to the values reported in non-rotating stratified fluids. In the case of continuous vortex profiles, this new radiative instability is shown to occur if the potential vorticity of the base flow has a sufficiently steep radial profile. The most unstable azimuthal wavenumber is inversely proportional to the steepness of the vorticity jump. The properties and mechanism of the instability are explained by asymptotic analyses for large wavenumbers.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 381-392 |

Number of pages | 12 |

Journal | Journal of Fluid Mechanics |

Volume | 707 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 25 Sep 2012 |

Externally published | Yes |

### Keywords

- rotating flows
- stratified flows
- vortex instability

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering

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## Cite this

*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*,

*707*, 381-392. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2012.286