Quality of reporting on patient and public involvement within surgical research: a systematic review.

EL Jones, BA Williams-Yesson, RC Hackett, SH Staniszewska, D Evans, NK Francis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


Recruitment difficulties are a well-reported concern in surgical literature, which may be improved by patient and public involvement (PPI). PPI within research has been defined as being conducted “with” or “by” patients or members of the public rather than being “about” or “for” them. However, the extent to which PPI is used within surgical research is unknown.
Surgical literature was systematically reviewed using EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and PubMed. Search terms related to (i) patients, (ii) involvement, (iii) perioperative care, and (iv) impact. Quality of PPI reporting was evaluated using the GRIPP (Guidance for Reporting Involvement of Patients and Public checklist and the guidelines developed by Wright and Foster. A patient representative advised on the purpose and analysis of this systematic review.
Eight articles described PPI in surgical trials to improve the identification of research topics, study design, recruitment, retention, and data collection. Quality of PPI reporting was suboptimal, as none of the articles provided a clear account of how PPI was conceptualized. Training and support for patients, their involvement in dissemination, and a critique of the limitations of PPI were not reported. However, it was not clear whether this represents an underutilization of PPI or purely suboptimal reporting in surgery.
There is a paucity of surgical research reporting upon PPI, and the quality of reporting is low. Further research to define appropriate standards for reporting on PPI activities may facilitate broadening the utilization and impact of PPI in surgical research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-250
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Surgery
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2015
Externally publishedYes


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