Quality-Guaranteed and Cost-Effective Population Health Profiling: A Deep Active Learning Approach

Long Chen, Jiangtao Wang, Piyushimita (Vonu) Thakuriah

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Abstract

Reliability and cost are two primary consideration for profiling population-scale prevalence ( PPP ) of multiple None Communicable Diseases ( NCDs ). In this paper, we exploit intra-disease and inter-disease correlation in different traditionally-sensed-areas ( TS-A ) to reduce the required number of the profiling task allocated without compromising the data reliability. Specifically, we propose a novel approach called Compressive Population Health TS-A Selection ( CPH-TS ), which blends the state-of-the-art profile inference, data augmentation and active learning in a unified deep learning framework. It can actively select a minimum number of TS-A regions for profiling task allocation in each profiling cycle, while deducting of the missing data of the unprofiled regions with a probabilistic guarantee of reliability. We evaluate our approach on real-world prevalence datasets of London, which shows the effectiveness of CPH-TS . In general, CPH-TS assigned 11.1-27.3% fewer tasks than baselines, assigning tasks to only 34.7% of the sub-regions while the profiling error below 5% for 95% of the cycles.
Original languageEnglish
Article number22
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalACM Transactions on Computing for Healthcare
Volume4
Issue number4
Early online date25 Aug 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Oct 2023

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Funder

This work was supported by EPSRC New Investigator Award under Grant No EP/V043544/1.

Keywords

  • Profiling of Prevalence
  • Spatio-temporal Correlations
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Generative Adversarial Network,
  • Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN)

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