Qualitative governing approach of a spark ignition engine using exhaust gas recirculation

Atul Gupta, Ramzy Abdel-Gayed

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    Abstract

    A qualitative governing approach of a Spark Ignition (SI) engine incorporating Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) was studied using AVL Boost. SI engines being quantitatively governed by controlling the quantity of charge inducted, leading to high throttling losses. To qualitatively govern the engine, charge purity was reduced by incorporating EGR, thereby reducing the amount of available oxygen in the charge inducted. The effect of charge dilution is to slow down the flame development and propagation, increasing the combustion durations. A simulation model which includes a curve fit equation to predict the combustion duration and start of combustion was created. The engine could be qualitatively governed by a maximum of 19% EGR, to reduce the brake mean effective pressure (bmep) by 20%. This led to 20% reduction in NOx and CO at full load, with 2.5% increase in brake specific fuel consumption (bsfc), also an increase in HC emissions by 50%.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)97–100
    JournalEnergy Procedia
    Volume66
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Bibliographical note

    The full text is available free from the link given.
    This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

    Keywords

    • Qualitative governing
    • Engine modelling
    • Exhaust Gas Recirculation
    • burning velocities
    • NOx reduction

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