Provoking insurgency in a federal state: theory and application to India

Jean-Paul Azam, Kartika Bhatia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a model of provocation in a federation, wherein the state government triggers an insurgency with a view toward acquiring control of some economic assets with the help of the central government. Some econometric support for this model is found using data on the Naxalite conflict in eight states of India. The tests performed control for endogeneity of the state government’s police force interventions. They suggest that the latter are meant to trigger the violent activity of the insurgents, so as to lure the central government into intervening and helping clear the ground for mining purposes in the lands of tribal people.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-210
Number of pages28
JournalPublic Choice
Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • insurgency
  • federation
  • provocation
  • India


  • Peace and Conflict


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