Protocol for the evaluation of data concerning the necessity of the application of herbicide active substances to control a serious danger to plant health which cannot be contained by other available means, including non-chemical methods

European Food Safety Authority, Katharina Dehnen-Schmutz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Following a request of the European Commission (EC), the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) initiated a procedure for the evaluation of data concerning the necessity of the application of herbicide active substances to control a serious danger to plant health within the context of Article 4(7) of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009. EFSA established an ad hoc working group (WG) who proposed a methodology for conducting such type of evaluation. The draft methodology was circulated among European Union Member States (MS) for commenting, and was discussed with MS and EC (DG SANTE) representatives during a meeting of the Pesticide Steering Network on 10 March 2016. At the meeting, it was agreed that the WG would draft a protocol for carrying out this type of evaluation. In this technical report, a protocol developed after consultation with MS for providing data and information and their evaluation is presented. The aim of this protocol is to enable a consistent and transparent evaluation of submissions made by applicants in accordance with the derogation detailed in Article 4(7) of Regulation (EU) No 1107/2009 to confirm the lack of other available means capable of controlling an identified serious danger to plant health. The methodology comprises four steps. The starting point for the evaluation is the full list of active substances (a.s.) that are authorised as herbicides for a particular crop or non-agricultural use in the MS. These a.s. need to be classified according to the targeted weed spectrum and time of application. Step one leads to a shortlist of a.s. that are authorised as herbicides for a particular crop or non-agricultural use. Step two involves a herbicide resistance risk classification, which is based on the mode of action of the a.s., and results in a three-level classification of the risk of resistance (high, moderate or low). Step three leads to the evaluation of chemical alternatives. Step four comprises the evaluation of non-chemical alternatives.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberEN-1060
JournalEFSA Supporting Publications
Volume13
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016

Fingerprint

plant health
Herbicides
pesticide application
food safety
herbicide resistance
Health
mechanism of action
pesticides
herbicides
Food Safety
crops
methodology
Herbicide Resistance
Pesticides
Referral and Consultation

Bibliographical note

This article has been published Open Access. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.

Keywords

  • pesticide
  • herbicide
  • weed spectrum
  • weed resistance
  • integrated weed management
  • Article 4(7) of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009

Cite this

@article{238e1cc3b2d84bbfa52cd38da84977a5,
title = "Protocol for the evaluation of data concerning the necessity of the application of herbicide active substances to control a serious danger to plant health which cannot be contained by other available means, including non-chemical methods",
abstract = "Following a request of the European Commission (EC), the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) initiated a procedure for the evaluation of data concerning the necessity of the application of herbicide active substances to control a serious danger to plant health within the context of Article 4(7) of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009. EFSA established an ad hoc working group (WG) who proposed a methodology for conducting such type of evaluation. The draft methodology was circulated among European Union Member States (MS) for commenting, and was discussed with MS and EC (DG SANTE) representatives during a meeting of the Pesticide Steering Network on 10 March 2016. At the meeting, it was agreed that the WG would draft a protocol for carrying out this type of evaluation. In this technical report, a protocol developed after consultation with MS for providing data and information and their evaluation is presented. The aim of this protocol is to enable a consistent and transparent evaluation of submissions made by applicants in accordance with the derogation detailed in Article 4(7) of Regulation (EU) No 1107/2009 to confirm the lack of other available means capable of controlling an identified serious danger to plant health. The methodology comprises four steps. The starting point for the evaluation is the full list of active substances (a.s.) that are authorised as herbicides for a particular crop or non-agricultural use in the MS. These a.s. need to be classified according to the targeted weed spectrum and time of application. Step one leads to a shortlist of a.s. that are authorised as herbicides for a particular crop or non-agricultural use. Step two involves a herbicide resistance risk classification, which is based on the mode of action of the a.s., and results in a three-level classification of the risk of resistance (high, moderate or low). Step three leads to the evaluation of chemical alternatives. Step four comprises the evaluation of non-chemical alternatives.",
keywords = "pesticide, herbicide, weed spectrum, weed resistance, integrated weed management, Article 4(7) of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009",
author = "{European Food Safety Authority} and Katharina Dehnen-Schmutz and L. Bastiaans and B. Chauvel and C. Gardi and C. Heppner and I. Koufakis",
note = "This article has been published Open Access. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.",
year = "2016",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2903/sp.efsa.2016.EN-1060",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
journal = "EFSA Supporting Publications",
issn = "1831-4732",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Protocol for the evaluation of data concerning the necessity of the application of herbicide active substances to control a serious danger to plant health which cannot be contained by other available means, including non-chemical methods

AU - European Food Safety Authority

AU - Dehnen-Schmutz, Katharina

AU - Bastiaans, L.

AU - Chauvel, B.

AU - Gardi, C.

AU - Heppner, C.

AU - Koufakis, I.

N1 - This article has been published Open Access. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.

PY - 2016/8/1

Y1 - 2016/8/1

N2 - Following a request of the European Commission (EC), the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) initiated a procedure for the evaluation of data concerning the necessity of the application of herbicide active substances to control a serious danger to plant health within the context of Article 4(7) of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009. EFSA established an ad hoc working group (WG) who proposed a methodology for conducting such type of evaluation. The draft methodology was circulated among European Union Member States (MS) for commenting, and was discussed with MS and EC (DG SANTE) representatives during a meeting of the Pesticide Steering Network on 10 March 2016. At the meeting, it was agreed that the WG would draft a protocol for carrying out this type of evaluation. In this technical report, a protocol developed after consultation with MS for providing data and information and their evaluation is presented. The aim of this protocol is to enable a consistent and transparent evaluation of submissions made by applicants in accordance with the derogation detailed in Article 4(7) of Regulation (EU) No 1107/2009 to confirm the lack of other available means capable of controlling an identified serious danger to plant health. The methodology comprises four steps. The starting point for the evaluation is the full list of active substances (a.s.) that are authorised as herbicides for a particular crop or non-agricultural use in the MS. These a.s. need to be classified according to the targeted weed spectrum and time of application. Step one leads to a shortlist of a.s. that are authorised as herbicides for a particular crop or non-agricultural use. Step two involves a herbicide resistance risk classification, which is based on the mode of action of the a.s., and results in a three-level classification of the risk of resistance (high, moderate or low). Step three leads to the evaluation of chemical alternatives. Step four comprises the evaluation of non-chemical alternatives.

AB - Following a request of the European Commission (EC), the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) initiated a procedure for the evaluation of data concerning the necessity of the application of herbicide active substances to control a serious danger to plant health within the context of Article 4(7) of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009. EFSA established an ad hoc working group (WG) who proposed a methodology for conducting such type of evaluation. The draft methodology was circulated among European Union Member States (MS) for commenting, and was discussed with MS and EC (DG SANTE) representatives during a meeting of the Pesticide Steering Network on 10 March 2016. At the meeting, it was agreed that the WG would draft a protocol for carrying out this type of evaluation. In this technical report, a protocol developed after consultation with MS for providing data and information and their evaluation is presented. The aim of this protocol is to enable a consistent and transparent evaluation of submissions made by applicants in accordance with the derogation detailed in Article 4(7) of Regulation (EU) No 1107/2009 to confirm the lack of other available means capable of controlling an identified serious danger to plant health. The methodology comprises four steps. The starting point for the evaluation is the full list of active substances (a.s.) that are authorised as herbicides for a particular crop or non-agricultural use in the MS. These a.s. need to be classified according to the targeted weed spectrum and time of application. Step one leads to a shortlist of a.s. that are authorised as herbicides for a particular crop or non-agricultural use. Step two involves a herbicide resistance risk classification, which is based on the mode of action of the a.s., and results in a three-level classification of the risk of resistance (high, moderate or low). Step three leads to the evaluation of chemical alternatives. Step four comprises the evaluation of non-chemical alternatives.

KW - pesticide

KW - herbicide

KW - weed spectrum

KW - weed resistance

KW - integrated weed management

KW - Article 4(7) of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009

U2 - 10.2903/sp.efsa.2016.EN-1060

DO - 10.2903/sp.efsa.2016.EN-1060

M3 - Article

VL - 13

JO - EFSA Supporting Publications

JF - EFSA Supporting Publications

SN - 1831-4732

IS - 8

M1 - EN-1060

ER -