In the present context of global terrorism, managing protective security in cruise and passenger ships is a challenge for organisations. This is due, in part, to the distinct lack of a counter terrorism framework for the industry. To address this gap, this paper develops a counter terrorism framework for cruise and passenger ships. This framework identifies protective security components and terrorist threats based on known attacks. It provides stakeholders with a means to assess risk, both in terms of likelihood and wider organisational impact. From an operational security perspective, the contribution of the framework is three-fold: First, it offers a consistent approach to delivering an effective protective security posture at all stages of a ship's itinerary. Second, it is envisaged that the application of the framework will improve security decision-making within organisations. Third, improved organisational security may, over time, enhance deterrence.
|Journal||WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs|
|Early online date||3 Jan 2023|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 3 Jan 2023|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the NATO Maritime Interdiction Operational Training Centre (NMIOTC).
© 2022, World Maritime University.
- Protective security
- Security governance