Prevalence and predictors of illicit drug use among school-going adolescents in Harare, Zimbabwe

Emmanuel Rudatsikira, Daniel Maposa, Zindoga Mukandavire, Adamson S Muula, Seter Siziya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and predictors of illicit drug use among school-going adolescents in Harare, Zimbabwe.

METHODS: We used data from the Global School-based Health Survey (GSHS) conducted in 2003 in Harare to obtain frequencies of a selected list of characteristics. We also carried out logistic regression to assess the association between illicit drug use and explanatory variables. For the purpose of this study, illicit drug use was defined as marijuana or glue use.

RESULTS: A total of 1984 adolescents participated in the study. Most of the sample were females (50.7%), 15-year- olds (30.3%), nonsmokers and non-alcohol drinkers. Nine percent of the subjects (13.4% males and 4.9% females) reported having ever used marijuana or glue. Males were more likely to have used marijuana or glue than females (OR=2.70; 95% CI [1.47, 4.96]). Marijuana or glue use was positively associated with cigarette smoking (OR=11.17; 95% CI [4.29, 29.08]), alcohol drinking (OR=7.00; 95% CI [3.39, 14.47]) and sexual intercourse (OR=5.17; 95% CI [2.59, 10.29]). Parental supervision was a protective factor for marijuana or glue use (OR=0.31; 95% CI [0.16, 0.61]).

CONCLUSIONS: Public health intervention aimed to prevent marijuana or glue use among adolescents should be designed with the understanding that illicit drug use may be associated with other behaviors such as teenage sexual activity, cigarette smoking and alcohol use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-220
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of African Medicine
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Feb 2010

Fingerprint

Zimbabwe
Street Drugs
Cannabis
Adhesives
Smoking
School Health Services
Coitus
Health Surveys
Sexual Behavior
Alcohol Drinking
Public Health
Logistic Models
Alcohols

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior
  • Alcohol Drinking
  • Child
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Marijuana Smoking
  • Parents
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Schools
  • Sex Factors
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Smoking
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Zimbabwe
  • Journal Article

Cite this

Prevalence and predictors of illicit drug use among school-going adolescents in Harare, Zimbabwe. / Rudatsikira, Emmanuel; Maposa, Daniel; Mukandavire, Zindoga; Muula, Adamson S; Siziya, Seter.

In: Annals of African Medicine, Vol. 8, No. 4, 09.02.2010, p. 215-220.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rudatsikira, Emmanuel ; Maposa, Daniel ; Mukandavire, Zindoga ; Muula, Adamson S ; Siziya, Seter. / Prevalence and predictors of illicit drug use among school-going adolescents in Harare, Zimbabwe. In: Annals of African Medicine. 2010 ; Vol. 8, No. 4. pp. 215-220.
@article{7332b69be0854df38a475e8e02ce9cb1,
title = "Prevalence and predictors of illicit drug use among school-going adolescents in Harare, Zimbabwe",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and predictors of illicit drug use among school-going adolescents in Harare, Zimbabwe.METHODS: We used data from the Global School-based Health Survey (GSHS) conducted in 2003 in Harare to obtain frequencies of a selected list of characteristics. We also carried out logistic regression to assess the association between illicit drug use and explanatory variables. For the purpose of this study, illicit drug use was defined as marijuana or glue use.RESULTS: A total of 1984 adolescents participated in the study. Most of the sample were females (50.7{\%}), 15-year- olds (30.3{\%}), nonsmokers and non-alcohol drinkers. Nine percent of the subjects (13.4{\%} males and 4.9{\%} females) reported having ever used marijuana or glue. Males were more likely to have used marijuana or glue than females (OR=2.70; 95{\%} CI [1.47, 4.96]). Marijuana or glue use was positively associated with cigarette smoking (OR=11.17; 95{\%} CI [4.29, 29.08]), alcohol drinking (OR=7.00; 95{\%} CI [3.39, 14.47]) and sexual intercourse (OR=5.17; 95{\%} CI [2.59, 10.29]). Parental supervision was a protective factor for marijuana or glue use (OR=0.31; 95{\%} CI [0.16, 0.61]).CONCLUSIONS: Public health intervention aimed to prevent marijuana or glue use among adolescents should be designed with the understanding that illicit drug use may be associated with other behaviors such as teenage sexual activity, cigarette smoking and alcohol use.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Adolescent Behavior, Alcohol Drinking, Child, Female, Health Surveys, Humans, Logistic Models, Male, Marijuana Smoking, Parents, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Schools, Sex Factors, Sexual Behavior, Smoking, Surveys and Questionnaires, Zimbabwe, Journal Article",
author = "Emmanuel Rudatsikira and Daniel Maposa and Zindoga Mukandavire and Muula, {Adamson S} and Seter Siziya",
year = "2010",
month = "2",
day = "9",
doi = "10.4103/1596-3519.59574",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "215--220",
journal = "Annals of African Medicine",
issn = "1596-3519",
publisher = "Medknow Publications",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence and predictors of illicit drug use among school-going adolescents in Harare, Zimbabwe

AU - Rudatsikira, Emmanuel

AU - Maposa, Daniel

AU - Mukandavire, Zindoga

AU - Muula, Adamson S

AU - Siziya, Seter

PY - 2010/2/9

Y1 - 2010/2/9

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and predictors of illicit drug use among school-going adolescents in Harare, Zimbabwe.METHODS: We used data from the Global School-based Health Survey (GSHS) conducted in 2003 in Harare to obtain frequencies of a selected list of characteristics. We also carried out logistic regression to assess the association between illicit drug use and explanatory variables. For the purpose of this study, illicit drug use was defined as marijuana or glue use.RESULTS: A total of 1984 adolescents participated in the study. Most of the sample were females (50.7%), 15-year- olds (30.3%), nonsmokers and non-alcohol drinkers. Nine percent of the subjects (13.4% males and 4.9% females) reported having ever used marijuana or glue. Males were more likely to have used marijuana or glue than females (OR=2.70; 95% CI [1.47, 4.96]). Marijuana or glue use was positively associated with cigarette smoking (OR=11.17; 95% CI [4.29, 29.08]), alcohol drinking (OR=7.00; 95% CI [3.39, 14.47]) and sexual intercourse (OR=5.17; 95% CI [2.59, 10.29]). Parental supervision was a protective factor for marijuana or glue use (OR=0.31; 95% CI [0.16, 0.61]).CONCLUSIONS: Public health intervention aimed to prevent marijuana or glue use among adolescents should be designed with the understanding that illicit drug use may be associated with other behaviors such as teenage sexual activity, cigarette smoking and alcohol use.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and predictors of illicit drug use among school-going adolescents in Harare, Zimbabwe.METHODS: We used data from the Global School-based Health Survey (GSHS) conducted in 2003 in Harare to obtain frequencies of a selected list of characteristics. We also carried out logistic regression to assess the association between illicit drug use and explanatory variables. For the purpose of this study, illicit drug use was defined as marijuana or glue use.RESULTS: A total of 1984 adolescents participated in the study. Most of the sample were females (50.7%), 15-year- olds (30.3%), nonsmokers and non-alcohol drinkers. Nine percent of the subjects (13.4% males and 4.9% females) reported having ever used marijuana or glue. Males were more likely to have used marijuana or glue than females (OR=2.70; 95% CI [1.47, 4.96]). Marijuana or glue use was positively associated with cigarette smoking (OR=11.17; 95% CI [4.29, 29.08]), alcohol drinking (OR=7.00; 95% CI [3.39, 14.47]) and sexual intercourse (OR=5.17; 95% CI [2.59, 10.29]). Parental supervision was a protective factor for marijuana or glue use (OR=0.31; 95% CI [0.16, 0.61]).CONCLUSIONS: Public health intervention aimed to prevent marijuana or glue use among adolescents should be designed with the understanding that illicit drug use may be associated with other behaviors such as teenage sexual activity, cigarette smoking and alcohol use.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Adolescent Behavior

KW - Alcohol Drinking

KW - Child

KW - Female

KW - Health Surveys

KW - Humans

KW - Logistic Models

KW - Male

KW - Marijuana Smoking

KW - Parents

KW - Prevalence

KW - Risk Factors

KW - Schools

KW - Sex Factors

KW - Sexual Behavior

KW - Smoking

KW - Surveys and Questionnaires

KW - Zimbabwe

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.4103/1596-3519.59574

DO - 10.4103/1596-3519.59574

M3 - Article

VL - 8

SP - 215

EP - 220

JO - Annals of African Medicine

JF - Annals of African Medicine

SN - 1596-3519

IS - 4

ER -