Pre-schoolers fundamental movement skills predict BMI, physical activity and sedentary behaviour: A longitudinal study

Michael Duncan, Charlotte Hall, Emma Eyre, Lisa Barnett, Rob James

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims: This study aimed to predict the variation in future fundamental movement skills (FMS), physical activity (PA) and body mass index (BMI) from prior FMS, PA and BMI in British pre-schoolers.
Methods: British pre-schoolers (n=177) underwent assessment of FMS, via the Test of Gross Motor Development 2 (TGMD-2), BMI and PA, via accelerometer at two time points one year apart. Regression analysis was used to predict the change in PA and BMI in Year 2 from FMS variables in Year 1 and Year 2.
Results: Variation in FMS performance between individuals predicted a significant amount of change in BMI, with 12.3 and 9.8% of the change in Year 2 BMI data explained by change in Year 1 and Year 2 FMS data respectively. Change in FMS performance between individuals predicted a significant amount of change in PA, but was better at predicting change in sedentary activity rather than light or moderate-vigorous activities. A combination of run, throw, dribble and kick performance predicted 46.1% of the change in sedentary activity between individuals in the 2nd year of testing.
Conclusions: FMS mastery at four years of age predicts children’s BMI and time spent sedentary at five years of age.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)(In-press)
JournalScandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Volume(In-press)
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jun 2020

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