Pre-schoolers fundamental movement skills predict BMI, physical activity, and sedentary behavior: A longitudinal study

Michael Duncan, Charlotte Hall, Emma Eyre, Lisa Barnett, Rob James

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
10 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Aims: This study aimed to predict the variation in future fundamental movement skills (FMS), physical activity (PA) and body mass index (BMI) from prior FMS, PA and BMI in British pre-schoolers.
Methods: British pre-schoolers (n=177) underwent assessment of FMS, via the Test of Gross Motor Development 2 (TGMD-2), BMI and PA, via accelerometer at two time points one year apart. Regression analysis was used to predict the change in PA and BMI in Year 2 from FMS variables in Year 1 and Year 2.
Results: Variation in FMS performance between individuals predicted a significant amount of change in BMI, with 12.3 and 9.8% of the change in Year 2 BMI data explained by change in Year 1 and Year 2 FMS data respectively. Change in FMS performance between individuals predicted a significant amount of change in PA, but was better at predicting change in sedentary activity rather than light or moderate-vigorous activities. A combination of run, throw, dribble and kick performance predicted 46.1% of the change in sedentary activity between individuals in the 2nd year of testing.
Conclusions: FMS mastery at four years of age predicts children’s BMI and time spent sedentary at five years of age.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-14
Number of pages7
JournalScandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Volume31
Issue numberS1
Early online date19 Apr 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

Bibliographical note

This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Keywords

  • early childhood
  • motor competence
  • sedentary behavior
  • weight status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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