Potential and current distribution across different layers of reinforcement in reinforced concrete cathodic protection system- A numerical study

Arpit Goyal, Ezekiel Kehinde Olorunnipa, Homayoon Sadeghi Pouya, Esmaiel Ganjian, Adegoke Olubanwo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
54 Downloads (Pure)


Cathodic Protection (CP) is being applied extensively to protect reinforced concrete structures exposed to aggressive environment from corrosion. However, protection provided by cathodic protection is dependent on several parameters such as concrete resistivity, applied current density and the geometrical arrangement of anode and cathode. For the first time, the distribution of potential and protection current along different layers of reinforcement in concrete is numerically investigated. A parametric study was done to analyse the effect of applied current density and concrete resistivity on protection achieved by different layers of reinforcement. The results show, concrete with anode applied at one surface is only able to protect top two reinforcement layers with current density of 40 mA/m2, compared to anode at two adjacent concrete surfaces which protect all four layers of reinforcement with minimum 10 mA/m2 of current density. 80–90% of protection current reached the top layer of steel near the anode. Bottom layers of reinforcement received very minimal current and thus shows negligible protection. A drastic drop in protection was observed on moving down the reinforcement layers. Moreover, protection provided is highly depended on concrete resistivity.
Original languageEnglish
Article number120580
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Early online date28 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Construction and Building Materials. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Construction and Building Materials, 262, (2020) DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.120580

© 2020, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/


  • Cathodic protection
  • Corrosion
  • Impressed current
  • Modelling
  • Polarization
  • Potential and current distribution
  • Steel reinforced concrete

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


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