Postpartum depression symptoms among Syrian refugee women living in Jordan

Khitam I. Mohammad, Doaa Abu Awad, Debra K. Creedy, Jenny Gamble

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Postpartum depression (PPD) is recognized as a common maternal health problem, but few studies have investigated the postpartum mental health of refugee women. In this cross-sectional study, we investigated the prevalence of PPD symptoms and associated factors among Syrian refugee women living in north Jordan. Women (N = 365) were recruited from four health care centers in Ramtha and Jarash, cities in northern Jordan. Participants completed a demographic data form, the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), and the Maternal Social Support Scale at 6–8 weeks postpartum. Half (49.6%; n = 181) of the Syrian refugee women scored >12 on the EPDS. PPD symptoms were significantly associated with low social support, low monthly income, and recent immigration (less than 2 years). There is a high level of PPD symptoms among Syrian refugee women, many of whom are living in poverty and with limited social support. The results highlight the need for immediate action by governments to support childbearing refugee women with early screening for psychosocial risk and respond to women's physical and mental health, and social needs through interservice collaboration. Social support programs would meet an important need for these women, as would ongoing assessment by health professionals and early intervention for women who screen positive for PPD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-524
Number of pages6
JournalResearch in Nursing and Health
Issue number6
Early online date23 Nov 2018
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Jordan
  • postpartum depression (PPD)
  • refugee
  • social support
  • Syria
  • women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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