Post-election elite bargaining and coalition formation in the MENA: Lessons from Iraq and Morocco

Lise Storm, Dylan O'Driscoll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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This article analyses the dynamics of post-election elite bargaining and coalition formation in the cases of Iraq and Morocco, demonstrating that, despite widely differing contexts, the outcome is often far removed from the election results. Recent works on political parties in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) have alluded to this state of affairs, but so far, the scholarship is missing in-depth comparative studies of the intricate dynamics of elite bargaining and coalition formation. Beyond not necessarily connecting to the election results, but rather being rooted in competition over access to patronage resources and power, our comparison demonstrates the negative impact that this state of affairs has on the government’s ability to govern.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)264-286
Number of pages23
JournalMiddle East Law and Governance
Issue number3
Early online date23 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - 23 Mar 2023

Bibliographical note

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution License (,
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium,
provided the original work is properly cited..


  • coalitions
  • Iraq
  • Morocco
  • patronage
  • political parties


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