Positive and Negative Diaspora Governance in Context: From Public Diplomacy to Transnational Authoritarianism

Bahar Baser , Ahmet Erdi Ozturk

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    36 Citations (Scopus)
    111 Downloads (Pure)


    The diaspora studies literature recently has indicated an expansion in state-led diaspora engagement initiatives and burgeoning diaspora governance institutions around the world. Home states have correlated concepts such as public diplomacy and soft power with these nascent incentives to cultivate and mobilize diasporas for state interests. Despite the interpretation of these developments as the expansion of citizenship rights for the diaspora and their systematic incorporation back into the home nation, some authors remain skeptical about the multifaceted motives behind such initiatives. Authoritarian states particularly employ diaspora governance as a mechanism to monitor and control diaspora groups, which home communities perceive as dissidents. Using Turkey and its recent diaspora governance policy as a case study, this article demonstrates that diaspora governance enables the state to create, depending on the context, potentially ideological and repressive transnational state apparatuses that can assume both positive and negative forms.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)319-334
    Number of pages16
    JournalMiddle East Critique
    Issue number3
    Early online date29 May 2020
    Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2020


    • Authoritarianism
    • Diaspora
    • Migration
    • Public diplomacy
    • Turkey

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Cultural Studies
    • History
    • Political Science and International Relations


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