Addressing sources and drivers of precarity among marginalized migrant populations in urban spaces is central to making cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable for all. Yet dominant policy discourses continue to frame migrants as problematic causes of insecurity and tend to exclude them from policy processes. Deliberative democratic theory suggests that inclusive processes have the potential to create innovative solutions for resilient cities. This study elicits and reports on self-identified sources of precarity and insecurity as experienced by new low-income migrant populations. It combines visual ethnography and deliberative democracy tools in an action research process that facilitated dialogue between migrant populations, urban planners and policy stakeholders. The objective is to elicit policy opportunities and constraints for changing dominant discourses, with a view to enhance marginalized lives and to implement sustainable urban infrastructure in Chattogram, the second largest city of Bangladesh. The results show options for addressing precarity, developed through facilitating migrants and planners to engage with each other’s perspectives. Priorities include focusing on insecure tenure, exposure to environmental hazards, and representation in planning processes. Integrating the perspectives and lived experiences of migrant urban populations into policy processes potentially leads to more effective, sustainable and legitimate solutions.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding is acknowledged from the UK Economic and Social Research Council and Department for International Development under the Development Frontiers research programme (Grant ES/R002371/1) and from Migration, Transformation and Sustainability project under the Belmont Forum Transformation to Sustainability programme – funded by the UK Economic and Social Research Council (Grant ES/S007687/1). We thank the editors and reviewers for constructive comments. This version remains our sole responsibility.
© 2020 The Authors. Global Policy published by Durham University and John Wiley & Sons Ltd
FunderEconomic and Social Research Council
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Global and Planetary Change
- Economics and Econometrics
- Political Science and International Relations
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law