PMNet: A probability map based scaled network for breast cancer diagnosis

Salman Ahmed, Maria Tariq, Hammad Naveed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The mortality rate of Breast Cancer in women has increased, both in west and east. Early detection is important to improve the survival rate of cancer patients. The manual detection and identification of cancer in whole slide images are critical and difficult tasks for pathologists. In this work, we introduce PMNet, a pipeline to detect regions with invasive characteristics in whole slide images. Our method employs scaled networks for detecting breast cancer in whole slide images. It classifies whole slide images on patch level into normal, benign, in situ and invasive tumors. Our approach yielded f1-score of 88.9(±1.7)% that outperforms the benchmark f1-score of 81.2(±1.3)% on patch level and achieved an average dice coefficient of 69.8% on 10 whole slide images compared to the benchmark average dice coefficient of 61.5% on BACH dataset. Similarly, on the dryad test dataset that comprises of 173 whole slide images, we achieved an average dice coefficient of 82.7% as compared to the previous state-of-art of 76% without fine-tuning on this dataset. We further proposed a method to generate patch level annotations for the image level TCGA breast cancer database that will be useful for future deep learning methods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101863
Number of pages7
JournalComputerized Medical Imaging and Graphics
Early online date30 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

© 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • Deep learning
  • Digital pathology
  • PMNet
  • Tumor detection
  • Whole slide image analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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