Plant health and global change - Some implications for landscape management

Marco Pautasso, Katharina Dehnen-Schmutz, Ottmar Holdenrieder, Stéphane Pietravalle, Nabeil Salama, Mike J. Jeger, Eckart Lange, Sigrid Hehl-Lange

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

114 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Global change (climate change together with other worldwide anthropogenic processes such as increasing trade, air pollution and urbanization) will affect plant health at the genetic, individual, population and landscape level. Direct effects include ecosystem stress due to natural resources shortage or imbalance. Indirect effects include (i) an increased frequency of natural detrimental phenomena, (ii) an increased pressure due to already present pests and diseases, (iii) the introduction of new invasive species either as a result of an improved suitability of the climatic conditions or as a result of increased trade, and (iv) the human response to global change. In this review, we provide an overview of recent studies on terrestrial plant health in the presence of global change factors. We summarize the links between climate change and some key issues in plant health, including tree mortality, changes in wildfire regimes, biological invasions and the role of genetic diversity for ecosystem resilience. Prediction and management of global change effects are complicated by interactions between globalization, climate and invasive plants and/or pathogens. We summarize practical guidelines for landscape management and draw general conclusions from an expanding body of literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)729-755
Number of pages27
JournalBiological Reviews
Volume85
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biodiversity
  • Biotic disturbances
  • Carbon sequestration
  • Grassland experiments
  • Land use
  • Landscape pathology
  • Long-term datasets
  • Plant pathogenic fungi
  • Sustainable development
  • Tree genetic diversity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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  • Cite this

    Pautasso, M., Dehnen-Schmutz, K., Holdenrieder, O., Pietravalle, S., Salama, N., Jeger, M. J., ... Hehl-Lange, S. (2010). Plant health and global change - Some implications for landscape management. Biological Reviews, 85(4), 729-755. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-185X.2010.00123.x