Physiological demands of standing and wheelchair fencing in able-bodied fencers

Xavier Iglesias, Ferran A. Rodríguez, Rafael Tarragó, Lindsay Bottoms, Lisímaco Vallejo, Lara Rodríguez-Zamora, Michael Price

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to determine the cardiorespiratory demands of standing and wheelchair (seated) fencing in a group of able-bodied fencers during simulated competitive bouts. METHODS Participants were ten male able-bodied fencers of regional level with previous training experience in wheelchair fencing. After a standardized warm-up, participants performed two series of simulated competitive épée bouts (5 and 15 touches) in a random order, either while standing or while sitting in a wheelchair. Expired gas was analyzed for oxygen consumption (V O 2 ) and respiratory exchange ratio (RER) and heart rate were continually monitored. Energy expenditure (EE) was subsequently calculated. RESULTS V O 2 , HR and EE peak responses were greater during standing than seated fencing (P<0.05). Mean V O 2 during all ST bouts (5- and 15-touch) was 43% greater than in wheelchair fencing (44.2±7.8 vs. 25.1±5.4 mL/kg/min). Mean HR during the standing 5- and 15-touch bouts was 91±20% and 84±7%, respectively, of that recorded during the seated bouts. HR, V O 2 and EE data also indicated that the 15-touch bouts were more physiologically demanding than the 5-touch bouts (P<0.01). The HR-V O 2 relationship was similar between both fencing modes. The duration of the 5- and 15-touch bouts were shorter for the seated than the standing bouts (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS The physiological demands of wheelchair fencing are lower than those for standing fencing. Furthermore, the physiology of 5 versus 15-touch bouts, similar to those undertaken in fencing competition, also differs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)569-574
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Volume59
Issue number4
Early online date2 May 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019

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Wheelchairs
Touch
Energy Metabolism
Oxygen Consumption
Heart Rate
Gases

Keywords

  • Athletes
  • Disabled persons
  • Energy metabolism
  • Heart rate
  • Oxygen consumption
  • Wheelchairs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Physiological demands of standing and wheelchair fencing in able-bodied fencers. / Iglesias, Xavier; Rodríguez, Ferran A.; Tarragó, Rafael; Bottoms, Lindsay; Vallejo, Lisímaco; Rodríguez-Zamora, Lara; Price, Michael.

In: The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, Vol. 59, No. 4, 04.2019, p. 569-574.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Iglesias, X, Rodríguez, FA, Tarragó, R, Bottoms, L, Vallejo, L, Rodríguez-Zamora, L & Price, M 2019, 'Physiological demands of standing and wheelchair fencing in able-bodied fencers' The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 569-574. https://doi.org/10.23736/S0022-4707.18.08413-X
Iglesias, Xavier ; Rodríguez, Ferran A. ; Tarragó, Rafael ; Bottoms, Lindsay ; Vallejo, Lisímaco ; Rodríguez-Zamora, Lara ; Price, Michael. / Physiological demands of standing and wheelchair fencing in able-bodied fencers. In: The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 2019 ; Vol. 59, No. 4. pp. 569-574.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to determine the cardiorespiratory demands of standing and wheelchair (seated) fencing in a group of able-bodied fencers during simulated competitive bouts. METHODS Participants were ten male able-bodied fencers of regional level with previous training experience in wheelchair fencing. After a standardized warm-up, participants performed two series of simulated competitive {\'e}p{\'e}e bouts (5 and 15 touches) in a random order, either while standing or while sitting in a wheelchair. Expired gas was analyzed for oxygen consumption (V O 2 ) and respiratory exchange ratio (RER) and heart rate were continually monitored. Energy expenditure (EE) was subsequently calculated. RESULTS V O 2 , HR and EE peak responses were greater during standing than seated fencing (P<0.05). Mean V O 2 during all ST bouts (5- and 15-touch) was 43{\%} greater than in wheelchair fencing (44.2±7.8 vs. 25.1±5.4 mL/kg/min). Mean HR during the standing 5- and 15-touch bouts was 91±20{\%} and 84±7{\%}, respectively, of that recorded during the seated bouts. HR, V O 2 and EE data also indicated that the 15-touch bouts were more physiologically demanding than the 5-touch bouts (P<0.01). The HR-V O 2 relationship was similar between both fencing modes. The duration of the 5- and 15-touch bouts were shorter for the seated than the standing bouts (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS The physiological demands of wheelchair fencing are lower than those for standing fencing. Furthermore, the physiology of 5 versus 15-touch bouts, similar to those undertaken in fencing competition, also differs.",
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T1 - Physiological demands of standing and wheelchair fencing in able-bodied fencers

AU - Iglesias, Xavier

AU - Rodríguez, Ferran A.

AU - Tarragó, Rafael

AU - Bottoms, Lindsay

AU - Vallejo, Lisímaco

AU - Rodríguez-Zamora, Lara

AU - Price, Michael

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N2 - BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to determine the cardiorespiratory demands of standing and wheelchair (seated) fencing in a group of able-bodied fencers during simulated competitive bouts. METHODS Participants were ten male able-bodied fencers of regional level with previous training experience in wheelchair fencing. After a standardized warm-up, participants performed two series of simulated competitive épée bouts (5 and 15 touches) in a random order, either while standing or while sitting in a wheelchair. Expired gas was analyzed for oxygen consumption (V O 2 ) and respiratory exchange ratio (RER) and heart rate were continually monitored. Energy expenditure (EE) was subsequently calculated. RESULTS V O 2 , HR and EE peak responses were greater during standing than seated fencing (P<0.05). Mean V O 2 during all ST bouts (5- and 15-touch) was 43% greater than in wheelchair fencing (44.2±7.8 vs. 25.1±5.4 mL/kg/min). Mean HR during the standing 5- and 15-touch bouts was 91±20% and 84±7%, respectively, of that recorded during the seated bouts. HR, V O 2 and EE data also indicated that the 15-touch bouts were more physiologically demanding than the 5-touch bouts (P<0.01). The HR-V O 2 relationship was similar between both fencing modes. The duration of the 5- and 15-touch bouts were shorter for the seated than the standing bouts (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS The physiological demands of wheelchair fencing are lower than those for standing fencing. Furthermore, the physiology of 5 versus 15-touch bouts, similar to those undertaken in fencing competition, also differs.

AB - BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to determine the cardiorespiratory demands of standing and wheelchair (seated) fencing in a group of able-bodied fencers during simulated competitive bouts. METHODS Participants were ten male able-bodied fencers of regional level with previous training experience in wheelchair fencing. After a standardized warm-up, participants performed two series of simulated competitive épée bouts (5 and 15 touches) in a random order, either while standing or while sitting in a wheelchair. Expired gas was analyzed for oxygen consumption (V O 2 ) and respiratory exchange ratio (RER) and heart rate were continually monitored. Energy expenditure (EE) was subsequently calculated. RESULTS V O 2 , HR and EE peak responses were greater during standing than seated fencing (P<0.05). Mean V O 2 during all ST bouts (5- and 15-touch) was 43% greater than in wheelchair fencing (44.2±7.8 vs. 25.1±5.4 mL/kg/min). Mean HR during the standing 5- and 15-touch bouts was 91±20% and 84±7%, respectively, of that recorded during the seated bouts. HR, V O 2 and EE data also indicated that the 15-touch bouts were more physiologically demanding than the 5-touch bouts (P<0.01). The HR-V O 2 relationship was similar between both fencing modes. The duration of the 5- and 15-touch bouts were shorter for the seated than the standing bouts (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS The physiological demands of wheelchair fencing are lower than those for standing fencing. Furthermore, the physiology of 5 versus 15-touch bouts, similar to those undertaken in fencing competition, also differs.

KW - Athletes

KW - Disabled persons

KW - Energy metabolism

KW - Heart rate

KW - Oxygen consumption

KW - Wheelchairs

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