Physical activity patterns of ethnic children from low socio-economic environments within the UK

Emma Lisa Jane Eyre, Michael J. Duncan, Samantha Louise Birch, Valerie Cox, Matthew Blackett

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    6 Citations (Scopus)
    60 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Many children fail to meet physical activity (PA) guidelines for health benefits. PA behaviours are complex and depend on numerous interrelated factors. The study aims to develop current understanding of how children from low Socio-economic environments within the UK use their surrounding built environments for PA by using advanced technology. The environment was assessed in 96 school children (7–9 years) using global positioning system (GPS) monitoring (Garmin Forerunner, 305). In a subsample of 46 children, the environment and PA were assessed using an integrated GPS and heart rate monitor. The percentage of time spent indoor, outdoor, in green and non-green environments along with time spent in moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) in indoor and outdoor environments were assessed. A 2-by-2 repeated measures analysis of covariance, controlling for body mass index, BF%, assessed the environmental differences. The findings show that 42% of children from deprived wards of Coventry fail to meet PA guidelines, of which 43% was accumulated during school. Children engaged in more MVPA outdoor than indoor environments (P <0.01) and a greater amount of time was spent in non-green environments (P <0.01). Increased time outdoors was negatively associated with BF%. In conclusion, outdoor environments are important for health-enhancing PA and reducing fatness in deprived and ethnic children. Publisher statement: "This is an Author's Original Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in Journal of Sports Sciences on 7/7/2014, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/ DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2014.934706”
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)232-242
    JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
    Volume33
    Issue number3
    Early online date7 Jul 2014
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Bibliographical note

    This article has been published online ahead of print.
    "This is an Author's Original Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in
    Journal of Sports Sciences on 7/7/2014, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/ DOI:
    10.1080/02640414.2014.934706”

    Keywords

    • deprivation
    • South Asian
    • fatness
    • youth

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