Personality, posttraumatic stress and trauma type: factors contributing to posttraumatic growth and its domains in a Turkish community sample

Nuray Karanci, Sedat Isikli, Ahmet Tamer Aker, Ervin Izmit Gul, Burcak Basbug Erkan, Hivren Ozkol, Hayal Yavuz Guzel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)
11 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background
Posttraumatic growth (PTG) is conceptualized as a positive transformation resulting from coping with and processing traumatic life events. This study examined the contributory roles of personality traits, posttraumatic stress (PTS) severity and their interactions on PTG and its domains, as assessed with the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory Turkish form (PTGI-T). The study also examined the differences in PTG domains between survivors of accidents, natural disasters and unexpected loss of a loved one.
Method
The Basic Personality Traits Inventory, Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale, and PTGI-T were administered to a large stratified cluster community sample of 969 Turkish adults in their home settings.
Results
The results showed that conscientiousness, agreeableness, and openness to experience significantly related to the total PTG and most of the domains. The effects of extraversion, neuroticism and openness to experience were moderated by the PTS severity for some domains. PTG in relating to others and appreciation of life domains was lower for the bereaved group.
Conclusion
Further research should examine the mediating role of coping between personality and PTG using a longitudinal design.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Psychotraumatology
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2012

Bibliographical note

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License, permitting all non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Keywords

  • Domains of posttraumatic growth
  • Personality traits
  • Posttraumatic stress
  • Traumatic event types

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