Periods and Mode Shapes for Uniform Shear Wall Buildings: Importance of Selecting the Appropriate Dynamic Behavior

Mohamed Chennit, Ali Ahmed-Chaouch, Messaoud Saidani, Abdelkrim Bourzam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
159 Downloads (Pure)


The distribution of seismic loading to each storey of a building depends on a number of factors, mainly on the periods, mode shapes and modal participation. The estimation of these dynamic characteristics is essential in analyzing the seismic response of multi-storey buildings. Based on a rigorous dynamic analytical model of the building, this research provides a novel database of vibration modes of multi-storey buildings with reinforced concrete (RC) shear walls. The Stodola–Vianello iterative method was used to determine these. The first modes of vibration, cumulating a modal mass participation ratio (MMPR) greater than 90%, are summarized and presented in a table form. The results are equally valid for uniform buildings with masonry infill walls. The research has highlighted that the eigenvectors are independent of the values of the mass and the mechanical characteristics of the structure (the modulus of elasticity, the moment of inertia and height) but also on the variation of these characteristics over the height of the building. Consequently, for shear wall buildings with identical storeys, the eigenvectors, the MMPRs and the modal participation factors are accurately determined for this type of structure. The significance of the research consists of providing a table that engineers and researcher scan easily use to determine the dynamic characteristics of the building, thus avoiding repetition of the calculations relating to this type of buildings. The study has also highlighted the importance of selecting the appropriate dynamic behavior of the structure for seismic design.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2250114
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics
Issue number11
Early online date30 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2022

Bibliographical note

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  • Building
  • modal mass participation ratio
  • modal participation factor
  • mode shape
  • period
  • seismic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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