Performance assessment of an improved gasifier stove using biomass pellets: An experimental and numerical investigation

Himanshu, O. P. Kurmi, Sanjeev Jain, S. K. Tyagi

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    6 Citations (Scopus)
    36 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    This article presents an experimental and computational study of a forced draft cookstove having separate primary and secondary air fans, while utilizing pellets as fuel. A two-dimensional axisymmetric computational fluid dynamics model of the developed cookstove has been created in ANSYS Fluent to analyze the fluid flow, temperature distribution and heat loss from the different parts of the cookstove. The simulation results showed that more than one fourth of the total heat produced by the burning of fuel was being lost to the ambient environment through the outermost wall of cookstove. Also, the temperature of the outer wall of the cookstove was found to be higher than the temperature of secondary air being preheated in the annulus chamber. Therefore, the developed model was further modified by using glass wool insulation which resulted in an increment of 5.7% in thermal efficiency, while the emissions of CO and PM2.5 were reduced by 7.1% and 25.9%, respectively. The performance of the developed models have also been compared with other pellet based forced draft models available globally, and the thermal efficiency of the Mimi Moto cookstove was found to be highest followed by FD 2.2 model.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number102432
    Number of pages13
    JournalSustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments
    Volume53
    Issue numberPart A
    Early online date20 Jun 2022
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

    Bibliographical note

    © 2022, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

    Copyright © and Moral Rights are retained by the author(s) and/ or other copyright owners. A copy can be downloaded for personal non-commercial research or study, without prior permission or charge. This item cannot be reproduced or quoted extensively from without first obtaining permission in writing from the copyright holder(s). The content must not be changed in any way or sold commercially in any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders.

    Funder

    Funding Information:
    Sincere thanks are due to IIT Delhi for providing the assistance to set-up the laboratory facilities for the academic and R&D activities at Department of Energy Science and Engineering. One of the authors (Himanshu) is thankful to Prof. K. K. Agrawal, Mech. Engg. Deptt. IIT Delhi for technical discussions in computational modelling. This work is also dedicated to Late Prof. K. R. Smith for fruitful discussions on emission measurements during his visit to IITD in the year 2018.

    Keywords

    • Emission reduction potential
    • Forced draft
    • Heat loss
    • Pellets
    • Thermal performance

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
    • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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