Based on extensive fieldwork research in South Kivu in eastern DRC, this article considers the questions of justice for survivors of sexual violence from the ground-up. The author argues that survivors of rape by armed groups or civilians in the DRC primarily conceive of justice as economic assistance and have limited interest in the prosecution of the perpetrators. Such emphasis on economic assistance cannot be separated from the reality of poverty in which survivor live and local perceptions and practices of justice that are rooted in the concept of reparation. At the same time survivors’ reluctance to pursue formal justice must be understood in the light of the inaccessibility of the Congolese criminal justice system and its failure to play a positive role within society. The article concludes by on drawing some possible recommendations for actors and scholars in this area.