Patch - Occupancy Survey of Elephant (Loxodonta africana) Surrounding Livingstone, Zambia

D. A. Youldon, Jackie Abell, J. S. Briffitt, L. Chama, M. D. Channings, A. Kilundo, C. K. Larsen, D. Sakala, B. A. Schulte

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    Abstract

    Wild elephants represent the biggest human–wildlife conflict issue in Livingstone, Zambia. However, little is known about their movements. This survey investigated elephants’ habitat use outside a core protected and fenced zone that forms part of Mosi-oa-Tunya National Park, Zambia. Using ‘patch-occupancy’ methodology, indications of elephant presence (feeding behaviour, dung and tracks) were surveyed. The survey aimed to assist proposed future monitoring exercises by defining the geographical extent that should be considered to improve accuracy in species abundance estimates. Results were supplemented using collected indications of elephant presence from prior monitoring exercises, and during this survey. Elephant presence was confirmed up to 8 km from the boundary of the protected core habitat, focussed in: (1) an unfenced zone of the national park, (2) along a road leading from the national park to the Dambwa Forest to the north and (3) along two rivers located to the west (Sinde River) and east (Maramba River) of the core area. Detection probability of elephant presence was high using these methods, and we recommend regular sampling to determine changes in habitat use by elephants, as humans continue to modify land-use patterns.
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages6
    JournalKoedoe
    Volume59
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2017

    Fingerprint

    Loxodonta africana
    Zambia
    Elephantidae
    elephant
    national parks
    national park
    habitat use
    rivers
    exercise
    habitats
    river
    monitoring
    feeding behavior
    roads
    land use
    feces
    road
    methodology
    sampling
    habitat

    Bibliographical note

    Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license.

    Keywords

    • Dambwa Forest

    Cite this

    Youldon, D. A., Abell, J., Briffitt, J. S., Chama, L., Channings, M. D., Kilundo, A., ... Schulte, B. A. (2017). Patch - Occupancy Survey of Elephant (Loxodonta africana) Surrounding Livingstone, Zambia. Koedoe, 59(1). https://doi.org/10.4102/koedoe.v59i1.1372

    Patch - Occupancy Survey of Elephant (Loxodonta africana) Surrounding Livingstone, Zambia. / Youldon, D. A.; Abell, Jackie; Briffitt, J. S.; Chama, L.; Channings, M. D.; Kilundo, A.; Larsen, C. K.; Sakala, D.; Schulte, B. A.

    In: Koedoe, Vol. 59, No. 1, 30.01.2017.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Youldon, DA, Abell, J, Briffitt, JS, Chama, L, Channings, MD, Kilundo, A, Larsen, CK, Sakala, D & Schulte, BA 2017, 'Patch - Occupancy Survey of Elephant (Loxodonta africana) Surrounding Livingstone, Zambia' Koedoe, vol. 59, no. 1. https://doi.org/10.4102/koedoe.v59i1.1372
    Youldon, D. A. ; Abell, Jackie ; Briffitt, J. S. ; Chama, L. ; Channings, M. D. ; Kilundo, A. ; Larsen, C. K. ; Sakala, D. ; Schulte, B. A. / Patch - Occupancy Survey of Elephant (Loxodonta africana) Surrounding Livingstone, Zambia. In: Koedoe. 2017 ; Vol. 59, No. 1.
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