Overtourism and Employment Outcomes for the Tourism Worker: Impacts to Labour Markets

Andreas Walmsley, Ko Koens, Claudio Milano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Purpose: To undertake an ideal-typical analysis of the implications of overtourism on employment at the level of the destination.
Design: A theoretical analysis that uses as a starting point a traditional labour market model to explore the employment implications of a labour demand shock as a result of overtourism at a destination level. Although a theoretical exploration, examples are provided offering empirical support for the theoretical propositions.
Findings: Overtourism may lower nominal and real wages, further deepen divisions in an already divided labour market (particularly between local and migrant workers), increase productivity without its benefits accruing to the worker, and result in deterioration of working conditions. The study also sets tourism employment within a broader politico-economic framework of neoliberalism.
Originality: Uses overtourism as an ideal-type, combined with an analysis of the labour market to theorise the impacts of a labour demand shock.
Research implications: Offers scope for further empirical testing of hypothesised relationships. Provides a platform to adopt and adapt the theoretical propositions to suit different contexts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)(In-Press)
JournalTourism Review
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 16 Nov 2020


  • labour markets
  • wages
  • neoliberalism
  • overtourism

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