Overtourism and Employment Outcomes for the Tourism Worker: Impacts to Labour Markets

Andreas Walmsley, Ko Koens, Claudio Milano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
697 Downloads (Pure)


Purpose: This paper aims to undertake an ideal-typical analysis of the implications of overtourism on employment at the level of the destination. Design/methodology/approach: The paper offers a theoretical analysis that uses as a starting point a traditional labour market model to explore the employment implications of a labour demand shock as a result of overtourism at a destination level. Although a theoretical exploration, examples are provided offering empirical support for the theoretical propositions. Findings: Overtourism may lower nominal and real wages, further deepen divisions in an already divided labour market (particularly between local and migrant workers), increase productivity without its benefits accruing to the worker and result in deterioration of working conditions. The study also sets tourism employment within a broader politico-economic framework of neoliberalism. Research limitations/implications: This study offers scope for further empirical testing of hypothesized relationships. It also provides a platform to adopt and adapt the theoretical propositions to suit different contexts. Originality/value: This study uses overtourism as an ideal-type, combined with an analysis of the labour market to theorise the impacts of a labour demand shock.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalTourism Review
Issue number1
Early online date5 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jan 2022


  • labour markets
  • wages
  • neoliberalism
  • overtourism
  • Overtourism
  • Labour market
  • Tourism employment
  • Wages
  • Neoliberalism
  • Inequality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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