Optimal strategic alliance in multi‐echelon supply chains with open innovation

Madjid Tavana, Hannan Amoozad Mahdiraji, Moein Beheshti, Ali Asghar Abbasi Kamardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
103 Downloads (Pure)


We propose a game‐theoretic approach to examine several possible coalition strategies in a four‐echelon supply chain consisting of a supplier, manufacturer, wholesaler, and retailer. A solitude model is used to probe the role of learning in quality improvements, and experimental design is conducted to evaluate all possible supply chain coalition strategies between echelons. The novelty of this study is the comprehensive evaluation of knowledge‐sharing strategies in collaborative supply chains. The results confirm that the Delta model with a coalition among a supplier, manufacturer, and retailer is the best strategy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1365-1384
Number of pages20
JournalManagerial and Decision Economics
Issue number7
Early online date4 Jun 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020

Bibliographical note

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Tavana, M, Amoozad Mahdiraji, H, Beheshti, M & Abbasi Kamardi, AA 2020, 'Optimal strategic alliance in multi‐echelon supply chains with open innovation', Managerial and Decision Economics, vol. 41, no. 7, pp. 1365-1384, which has been published in final form at 10.1002/mde.3181. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.

This document is the author’s post-print version, incorporating any revisions agreed during the peer-review process. Some differences between the published version and this version may remain and you are advised to consult the published version if you wish to cite from it.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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