A single-time velocity estimator-based reinforcement learning (RL) algorithm, integrated with a chaotic metaheuristic optimization technique is proposed in this article for the optimal path-planning of the nonholonomic robots considering a moving/stationary obstacle avoidance strategy. The additional contribution of the present study is by employing the Terramechanics principles to incorporate the effects of wheel sinkage into the deformable terrain on the dynamics of the robot aiming to find the optimal compensating force/torque magnitude to sustain a robust and smooth motion. The designed systematic control-oriented system incorporates a cost function of weighted components associated with the target-tracking and the obstacle avoidance. The designed velocity estimator contributes to the finite-state Markov decision process (MDP) in order to train the transition probabilities of the problem objectives. Based on the obtained results, the optimal solution for the Q-learning in terms of the adjusting factor for the minimized tracking error and obstacle collision risk propagation profiles is found at 0.22. The results further confirm the promising capacity of the proposed optimization-based RL algorithm for the collision avoidance control of the nonholonomic robots on deformable terrains.
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- artificial intelligence