Optimal design of Electric Power Assisted Steering system (EPAS) using GA-PID method

M. K. Hassan, N. A.M. Azubir, H. M.I. Nizam, S. F. Toha, B. S.K.K. Ibrahim

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)
116 Downloads (Pure)


The introduction of Electric Power Assisted Steering (EPAS) system is gradually replacing the conventional steering system in modern cars. The main advantage of EPAS system is the ability to minimise energy consumption. This paper discusses the implementation of GA-PID algorithm to realise the potential of energy reduction as compared to conventional PID method. A brushes DC motor is mounted on the steering column to provide an assist torque to the driver. This configuration is known as C-type EPAS system. The results have shown GA-PID controller is bale to minimize energy consumption as compared to PID controller.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)614-621
Number of pages8
JournalProcedia Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes
Event2nd International Symposium on Robotics and Intelligent Sensors 2012 - Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
Duration: 4 Sept 20126 Sept 2012
Conference number: 2nd

Bibliographical note

Open access under CC BY-NC-ND license.


  • C-type EPAS
  • Electric vehicle
  • Electronic Power Assited Steering System (EPAS)
  • GA-PID

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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